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Proceedings Paper

Beam-steering and jammer-nulling photorefractive phased-array radar processor
Author(s): Anthony W. Sarto; Robert T. Weverka; Kelvin H. Wagner
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Paper Abstract

We are developing a class of optical phased-array-radar processors which use the large number of degrees-of-freedom available in 3D photorefractive volume holograms to time integrate the adaptive weights to perform beam-steering and jammer-cancellation signal-processing tasks for very large phased-array antennas. We have experimentally demonstrated independently the two primary subsystems of the beam-steering and jammer-nulling phased-array radar processor, the beam-forming subsystem and the jammer-nulling subsystem, as well as simultaneous main beam formation and jammer suppression in the combined processor. The beam-steering subsystem calculates the angle of arrival of a desired signal of interest and steers the antenna pattern in the direction of this desired signal by forming a dynamic holographic grating proportional to the correlation between the incoming signal of interest from the antenna array and the temporal waveform of the desired signal. This grating is formed by repetitively applying the temporal waveform of the desired signal to a single acousto-optic Bragg cell and allowing the diffracted component from the Bragg cell to interfere with an optical mapping of the received phased-array antenna signal at a photorefractive crystal. The diffracted component from this grating is the antenna output modified by an array function pointed towards the desired signal of interest. This beam-steering task is performed with the only a priori information being that of the knowledge of a temporal waveform that correlates well with the desired signal and that the delay of the desired signal remains within the time aperture of the Bragg cell. The jammer-nulling subsystem computes the angles-of- arrival of multiple interfering narrowband radar jammers and adaptively steers nulls in the antenna pattern in order to extinguish the jammers by implementing a modified LMS algorithm in the optical domain. This task is performed in a second photorefractive crystal where holographic gratings are formed which are proportional to the correlation between the unprocessed antenna output and a delayed version of the formed main beam. The diffracted components from these gratings are subtracted from the formed main-beam signal producing a processor output with reduced jammer content.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 June 1994
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2155, Optoelectronic Signal Processing for Phased-Array Antennas IV, (10 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.177419
Show Author Affiliations
Anthony W. Sarto, Univ. of Colorado/Boulder (United States)
Robert T. Weverka, Univ. of Colorado/Boulder (United States)
Kelvin H. Wagner, Univ. of Colorado/Boulder (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2155:
Optoelectronic Signal Processing for Phased-Array Antennas IV
Brian M. Hendrickson, Editor(s)

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