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Proceedings Paper

Obstacle avoidance system (OASYS) symbology in full mission simulation
Author(s): Thomas J. Sharkey
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Paper Abstract

The U. S. Army Aeroflightdynamics Directorate's (AFDD) Crew Station Research and Development Branch (CSRDB) conducted a multiphase effort to develop symbology displaying information from the Obstacle Avoidance System (OASYS) on the Aviator's Night Vision System (ANVIS) Head Up Display (HUD). The first phase of this program used static symbology displayed on a workstation to identify the types of information required from OASYS by the pilot. The second phase used a low-fidelity, pilot-in-the-loop simulation to evaluate fourteen different symbology-drive law combinations. Based on the results of phases 1 and 2 three candidate symbologies were selected, along with the baseline symbology developed by the OASYS contractor, for evaluation in full mission simulation. In addition, a full-daylight, full field-of-view condition and Night Vision Goggle (NVG) condition, both without OASYS symbology, were used as control conditions. The environmental conditions (e.g., ambient illumination, visual range) and task requirements (e.g., altitude and airspeed) used in the simulation were selected to severely tax the symbology. Reliable differences in performance between symbology conditions were found. Two of the symbologies developed during the earlier phases of this program resulted in reduced frequencies of ground strikes compared to OASYS baseline and NVG only conditions. The frequency of close approaches to wires was lower with the symbology developed in this program than with the baseline symbology. All OASYS symbologies improved performance relative to the NVG control condition. It is recommended that the OASYS symbology and drive laws developed during this program be used during OASYS flight tests.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 June 1994
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2218, Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays and Symbology Design Requirements, (10 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.177373
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas J. Sharkey, Monterey Technologies, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2218:
Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays and Symbology Design Requirements
Ronald J. Lewandowski; Wendell Stephens; Loran A. Haworth, Editor(s)

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