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Proceedings Paper

Phase-locked arrays of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers
Author(s): Mial E. Warren; Kevin L. Lear; Paul Lee Gourley; G. Ronald Hadley; J. A. Lott; G. Allen Vawter; Scott Chalmers; Thomas M. Brennan; B. Eugene Hammons; John C. Zolper
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Paper Abstract

Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are of increasing interest to the photonics community because of their surface-emitting structure, simple fabrication and packaging, wafer-level testability, and potential for low cost manufacture. Scaling VCSELs to higher power outputs requires increasing the device area, which leads to transverse mode control difficulties if devices become larger than about 5 microns. One approach to increasing the device size while maintaining a well controlled transverse mode profile is formation of coupled or phase-locked 2D arrays of VCSELs that are individually single-transverse mode. Such arrays have unique optical properties, not all of which are desirable. This paper covers some of the basic principles of these devices and reviews recent work on device designs, fabrication and operation. A technique for improving the far- field properties of the arrays is demonstrated and performance limitations are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 June 1994
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2145, Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Electronics and Optical Frequency Conversion, (2 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.177131
Show Author Affiliations
Mial E. Warren, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Kevin L. Lear, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Paul Lee Gourley, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
G. Ronald Hadley, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
J. A. Lott, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
G. Allen Vawter, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Scott Chalmers, Optical Solutions (United States)
Thomas M. Brennan, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
B. Eugene Hammons, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
John C. Zolper, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2145:
Nonlinear Optics for High-Speed Electronics and Optical Frequency Conversion
Nasser Peyghambarian; Robert C. Eckardt; Nasser Peyghambarian; Henry Everitt; Dennis D. Lowenthal; Henry Everitt; Robert C. Eckardt; Dennis D. Lowenthal, Editor(s)

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