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Proceedings Paper

Cryogenic single-crystal silicon optics
Author(s): Kenneth Harry Hinkle; Raleigh Drake; Timothy A. Ellis
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Paper Abstract

The thermal conductivity, specific heat, and elastic moduli of silicon indicate that silicon is an attractive material for the substrates of large cryogenic mirrors. Elemental silicon is available in large single crystals as well as polycrystalline blanks. Silicon is already used extensively in optics for both high-index IR lenses and IR filter substrates. We report on cryogenic tests of silicon mirrors. Our samples show that on cycling from room temperature to 77 K, the dimensional stability is only slightly worse than that of fused silica, which is a known highly stable, cryogenic mirror substrate. The dimensional stability of silicon is much better than that of metal mirrors. The fabrication of silicon mirrors, including a 20 by 40 cm grating blank, for a high-resolution, IR spectrograph now under construction at NOAO is discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1994
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2198, Instrumentation in Astronomy VIII, (1 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.176682
Show Author Affiliations
Kenneth Harry Hinkle, National Optical Astronomy Observatories (United States)
Raleigh Drake, National Optical Astronomy Observatories (United States)
Timothy A. Ellis, National Optical Astronomy Observatories (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2198:
Instrumentation in Astronomy VIII
David L. Crawford; Eric R. Craine, Editor(s)

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