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Proceedings Paper

Novel optical techniques for characterization of advanced semiconductor lasers for telecommunications
Author(s): Tien Pei Lee; Chung-En Zah; K. Kikuchi
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Paper Abstract

We have witnessed a rapid advancement in optical fiber telecommunications in the last decade. The bit rate of early optical transmission systems in the late 1970's was 45 Mbit/s. By the m1d4980's, the transmission speed had been increased to rates ranging from 400 Mbitls to 560Mbit/s. More recently, SONET hierarchy, from OC- 1 , OC-3, OC-12, to OC-48 at 51.84 Mbitis, 1 55.52MbitJs, 622 Mbitls to 2.488 Gbitls respectively, has been the standard chosen by CCITT. The next SONET standard rate of OC-l92 at 10 Gbitis is now under consideration. Although laser transmitters at 10 Gbitls rate are still in the research and development stage, new products will be introduced in the marketplace to fuffill systems and networking needs in the near future. The singlemode optical fiber has a potential bandwidth of over 30 THz. In order to utilize this bandwidth, high density wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) has been considered. WDM can offer not only the increased usage of bandwidth, but also the flexibility of routing signals in a network by means of wavelength [11. In the last few years, the transmission distances have been increased dramatically due to the use of Er-doped fiber amplifiers. High power semiconductor lasers at either 0.98 tm or 1.48 .tm wavelengths are used for the pump. The powers into the amplifier required for both pump wavelengths are about 20 mW and 50 mW respectively. On the other hand, semiconductor opticai amplifiers are attractive for monolithic integration with lasers, waveguides, modulators, wavelength multiplexers and demultiplexers. For example multi-wavelength DFB laser arrays, as many as 20 wavelengths, have been integrated monolithically with wavelength combiners (star coupler) and optical amplifiers on InP substrate [2). These integrated multi-wavelengths DFB laser arrays have the advantage of easier wavelength control and lower cost per wavelength than the discrete DFB laser transmitters for WDM applications. Such photonic integrated circuits (PlC) can increase the functionality and reduce the optical fiber-to-device interfaces that are the main factor for the high cost of optoelect.ronic components. The fiber-to-device interface is also the major concern for component reliability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1994
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2148, Laser Diode Technology and Applications VI, (1 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.176637
Show Author Affiliations
Tien Pei Lee, Bell Communications Research (United States)
Chung-En Zah, Bell Communications Research (United States)
K. Kikuchi, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2148:
Laser Diode Technology and Applications VI
Pei Chuang Chen; Lawrence A. Johnson; Henryk Temkin, Editor(s)

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