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Proceedings Paper

Estimation of multiple 2D uniform motions by sensor array processing techniques
Author(s): Hamid K. Aghajan; Babak H. Khalaj; Thomas Kailath
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Paper Abstract

A technique is proposed for estimating the parameters of 2D uniform motion of multiple moving objects in a scene, based on long-sequence image processing and the application of a recently developed multi-line fitting algorithm. Plots of the vertical and horizontal projections versus frame number give new images in which uniformly moving objects are represented by skewed band regions, with the angles of the skew from the vertical being a measure of the velocities of the moving objects. For example, vertical bands will correspond to objects with zero velocity. A recently developed algorithm called SLIDE (subspace-based line detection) can be used to efficiently determine the skew angles. SLIDE exploits the temporal coherence between the contributions of each of the moving patterns in the frame projections to enhance and distinguish a signal subspace that is defined by the desired motion parameters. A similar procedure can be used to determine the vertical velocities. Some further steps must then be taken to properly associate the horizontal and vertical velocities.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 March 1994
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2182, Image and Video Processing II, (23 March 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.171093
Show Author Affiliations
Hamid K. Aghajan, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Babak H. Khalaj, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Thomas Kailath, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2182:
Image and Video Processing II
Sarah A. Rajala; Robert L. Stevenson, Editor(s)

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