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Proceedings Paper

Simulation and fabrication of a new phase-shifting mask for 0.35 um contact hole pattern transfer: half-tone rim
Author(s): Wen-An Loong; Shyi-Long Shy; Guei-chi Guo; Y. L. Chou
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we report a new type of phase shifting mask (PSM), namely, halftone-rim, which is a combination of rim and halftone. Based on our simulation study using DEPICT-2 simulation tool, the aerial image of halftone-rim PSM in i-line for 0.35 micrometers contact hole pattern has better contrast and larger total depth of focus (DOF) than other mask techniques, such as conventional, subresolution, rim, and attenuated (halftone). Except attenuated mask, halftone-rim also has higher aerial image intensity among these masks. The preliminary contact hole pattern transfer studies using this new type PSM indicate a resolution down to 0.31 micrometers and a total DOF of 0.9 micrometers for contact holes by 5X i-line stepper (NA: 0.5, coherence: 0.6). Further experimental works on optimization of lithographic processes, especially in reactive ion etching of shifter layer and wet etching of halftone chrome, are needed to improve both resolution and total DOF.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 February 1994
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2087, 13th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology and Management, (15 February 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.167280
Show Author Affiliations
Wen-An Loong, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Shyi-Long Shy, National Nano Device Lab. (Taiwan)
Guei-chi Guo, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Y. L. Chou, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2087:
13th Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology and Management
Edward C. Grady; Jack P. Moneta, Editor(s)

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