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Proceedings Paper

Applications of the JPEG standard in a medical environment
Author(s): Ulrich Wittenberg
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Paper Abstract

JPEG is a very versatile image coding and compression standard for single images. Medical images make a higher demand on image quality and precision than the usual 'pretty pictures'. In this paper the potential applications of the various JPEG coding modes in a medical environment are evaluated. Due to legal reasons the lossless modes are especially interesting. The spatial modes are equally important because medical data may well exceed the maximum of 12 bit precision allowed for the DCT modes. The performance of the spatial predictors is investigated. From the users point of view the progressive modes, which provide a fast but coarse approximation of the final image, reduce the subjective time one has to wait for it, so they also reduce the user's frustration. Even the lossy modes will find some applications, but they have to be handled with care, because repeated lossy coding and decoding leads to a degradation of the image quality. The amount of this degradation is investigated. The JPEG standard alone is not sufficient for a PACS because it does not store enough additional data such as creation data or details of the imaging modality. Therefore it will be an imbedded coding format in standards like TIFF or ACR/NEMA. It is concluded that the JPEG standard is versatile enough to match the requirements of the medical community.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 October 1993
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1977, Video Communications and PACS for Medical Applications, (29 October 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.160502
Show Author Affiliations
Ulrich Wittenberg, Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1977:
Video Communications and PACS for Medical Applications
Rudy A. Mattheus; Andre J. Duerinckx; Peter J. van Otterloo, Editor(s)

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