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Proceedings Paper

System analysis for the near-infrared camera and multiobject spectrometer cryogenic and structural design
Author(s): Paul A. Lightsey; John D. Gerber; Chris D. Miller
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Paper Abstract

The requirements for a second generation Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Science Instrument (SI) are similar to those of other space-borne instruments: the shuttle launch loads must be survived; the instrument must have specific dynamic characteristics; mass, size envelope, and electrical power constraints are imposed; thermal interfaces are defined; and a minimum on- orbit lifetime is required. The Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) differs from first generation and other second generation HST SIs in that it is an infrared instrument. The NICMOS detectors must be cooled to 58 K. This leads to a demanding instrument design that includes as an integral part of the optical bench design, a solid nitrogen (SN2) cryogen dewar with a five year minimum lifetime goal. The dewar requires over 50% of the total instrument weight budget and occupies a significant portion of the available size envelope. Designing for five year cryogen lifetime while achieving a structural design that will meet launch loads and optical stability led to many design conflicts. The system level trades along with the structural and cryogenic lifetime analyses used to resolve these conflicts and arrive at the innovative NICMOS design will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 1993
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 1945, Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, (1 November 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.158780
Show Author Affiliations
Paul A. Lightsey, Ball Aerospace Systems Group (United States)
John D. Gerber, Ball Aerospace Systems Group (United States)
Chris D. Miller, Ball Aerospace Systems Group (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1945:
Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II
Pierre Y. Bely; James B. Breckinridge, Editor(s)

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