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Proceedings Paper

Impedance imaging using interior and exterior measurements
Author(s): Cathy A. Caldwell; Margaret Cheney; David Isaacson
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Paper Abstract

Diagnosis and treatment of some disease states of the heart can be facilitated with knowledge of the electrical activity and resistivity properties within the heart muscle. A method of obtaining such information is through the use of electrical impedance tomography. Impedance imaging systems apply current patterns to the exterior of an object, measure the resulting voltages, and from these measurements construct an approximation to the spatially varying resistivity of the interior. By placing electrodes on the exterior of the heart or thorax as well as inside one of the heart chambers, using a catheter or by other means, it may be possible to construct images which reflect the resistivity distribution of the heart wall. In this work, we consider a simple model of the heart and thorax where electrodes are situated on both the interior and exterior boundaries of an annulus. The optimal current patterns to be applied are determined for the case of a homogeneous resistivity distribution and for the case of a single inhomogeneous layer. The question of the measurement precision required to distinguish between a homogeneous resistivity distribution and an inhomogeneous resistivity distribution is also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 August 1993
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 1887, Physiological Imaging, Spectroscopy, and Early-Detection Diagnostic Methods, (27 August 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.151305
Show Author Affiliations
Cathy A. Caldwell, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Margaret Cheney, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
David Isaacson, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1887:
Physiological Imaging, Spectroscopy, and Early-Detection Diagnostic Methods
Randall Locke Barbour; Mark J. Carvlin, Editor(s)

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