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Proceedings Paper

Oceanic in-situ Fraunhofer-line characterizations
Author(s): Michael G. Lovern; Mark W. Roberts; Stephen A. Miller; Tom G. Kaye
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Paper Abstract

Interest in making use of the existence of Fraunhofer lines to reduce solar background noise for the Satellite Laser Communications (SLC) program prompted the requirement for making underwater in situ characterizations of five Fraunhofer lines in the blue-green spectrum. Recent papers which discuss and attempt to explain frequent occurrences of high measured values for underwater irradiance raised concerns about the persistence of Fraunhofer lines. The effect of an increased light field could significantly reduce (potentially eliminate) the absorption depth of Fraunhofer lines and reduce their solar rejection benefits to optical communications. These characterizations were made from a surface ship off of the coast of Hawaii in August 1989. Fraunhofer lines at 420, 440, 486, 518, and 532 nm were characterized at the surface and at four discrete depths to a maximum of 90 m. These are the first known characterizations of Fraunhofer lines underwater. A high resolution scan from 450 to 550 nm was also made at a depth of 73 m. The results from this experiment showed no differences between the surface and underwater scans, suggesting the effects of inter- wavelength scattering is less than originally proposed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 December 1992
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1750, Ocean Optics XI, (31 December 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.140646
Show Author Affiliations
Michael G. Lovern, Naval Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance Ctr. (United States)
Mark W. Roberts, Naval Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance Ctr. (United States)
Stephen A. Miller, Naval Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance Ctr. (United States)
Tom G. Kaye, Naval Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1750:
Ocean Optics XI
Gary D. Gilbert, Editor(s)

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