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Proceedings Paper

Spectroscopy of a resonance medium based on the use of nonlinear absorption of strong polychromatic radiation with equidistant spectrum
Author(s): G. I. Toptygina; Evald E. Fradkin
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Paper Abstract

Let us consider preliminary two situations. In the first of them the monochromatic radiation is absorbing. The increase of its intensity leads to the diminution of an absorption down to zero in a limiting case, i.e. to the effect of saturated absorption. In the second case an absorption of test radiation with a small intensity is observing, while two—level atom is strongly interacting with a perturbing field. This case is characterized by asymmetric dependence of absorption on the frequency difference w- w = A, where w and w are the frequencies of two light waves. As it was shown by Rautian and Sobelman in 19611, the amplification of test radiation arises in a certain range of frequency offsets A instead of the absorption, and the energy transfers from a strong wave to a weak one. In this paper we study the problem which appears from the above situation, when the intensity of test radiation increases. Such an increase leads to new maxima in absorption spectra of test radiation at frequencies A = i n = 2, 3 4 . . . which are additional to the main maxima at n R A = where R the Rabi frequency. These new resonances were observed by Bonch-Bruevich, Vartanyan, and Chigir in 19792 and cal led the subradiat ive structure. We have the following simple approximate expression for R obtained in the case of interaction with two fields: Q =d(?+E2)1"2/h. (1) R 0 1 There are two essential effects in the described situation: the saturation of absorption and the nonlinear interference effect. The last causes the redistribution of an absorbed energy between radiation components, the negative absorption (amplification) without population inversion, and the multiphoton parametric resonances at difference frequencies. The laser generation on the base7of the negative absorption without population inversion was obtained in 1989. The following problems arise from the facts reviewed above: 1. The calculation of absorption coefficients for individual components of a strong polychromatic radiation with an equidistant spectrum. 2. Determining of a generalized Rabi frequency and verification of the simple formula A = In for maxima of resonances. n R The aim of this paper is to solve these problems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1992
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 1811, Tenth All-Union Symposium and School on High-Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy, (1 July 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.131137
Show Author Affiliations
G. I. Toptygina, St. Petersburg State Univ. (Russia)
Evald E. Fradkin, St. Petersburg State Univ. (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1811:
Tenth All-Union Symposium and School on High-Resolution Molecular Spectroscopy
Leonid N. Sinitsa, Editor(s)

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