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Spie Press Book

Lens Design Fundamentals, Second Edition
Author(s): Rudolf Kingslake; R. Barry Johnson
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Book Description

R. Barry Johnson is the 2012 winner of the Joseph W. Goodman Book Writing Award.

Rudolf Kingslake (1903-2003) is widely considered to be the father of lens design in the United States. Now his student and friend, R. Barry Johnson, updates Kingslake's bestselling work for modern times, revising all chapters, including more examples and references, and augmenting all subject content to reflect the many changes in design that have occurred since the first edition was published in 1978. Changes include a new overview chapter on aberrations, a completely rewritten chapter on automatic lens design, and expansion of the chapter on mirrors and catadioptric systems to include a variety of newer systems with some having eccentric pupils.

Published in cooperation with Academic Press.

Book Details

Date Published: 16 February 2010
Pages: 576
ISBN: 9780819479396
Volume: PM195

Table of Contents
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1 The Work of the Lens Designer
1.1. Relations Between Designer and Factory
1.2. The Design Procedure
1.3. Optical Materials
1.4. Interpolation of Refractive Indices
1.5. Lens Types to be Considered
2 Meridional Ray Tracing
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Graphical Ray Tracing
2.3. Trigonometrical Ray Tracing at a Spherical Surface
2.4. Some Useful Relations
2.5. Cemented Doublet Objective
2.6. Ray Tracing at a Tilted Surface
2.7. Ray Tracing at an Aspheric Surface
3 Paraxial Rays and First-Order Optics
3.1. Tracing a Paraxial Ray
3.2. Magnification and the Lagrance Theorem
3.3. The Gaussian Optics of a Lens System
3.4. First-Order Layout of an Optical System
3.5. Thin-Lens Layout of Zoom Systems
4 Aberration Theory
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Symmetrical Optical Systems
4.3. Aberration Determination Using Ray Trace Data
4.4. Calculation of Seidel Aberration Coefficients
5 Chromatic Aberration
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Spherochromatism of a Cemented Doublet
5.3. Contribution of a Single Surface to the Primary Chromatic Aberration
5.4. Contribution of a Thin Element in a System to the Paraxial Chromatic Aberration
5.5. Paraxial Secondary Spectrum
5.6. Predesign of a Thin Three-Lens Apochromat
5.7. The Separated Thin-Lens Achromat (Dialyte)
5.8. Chromatic Aberration Tolerances
5.9. Chromatic Aberration at Finite Aperture
6 Spherical Aberration
6.1. Surface Contribution Formulas
6.2. Zonal Spherical Aberration
6.3. PRIMARY Spherical Aberration
6.4. The Image Displacement Caused by a Planoparallel Plate
6.5. Spherical Aberration Tolerances
7 Design of a Spherically Corrected Achromat
7.1. The Four-Ray Method
7.2. A Thin-Lens Predesign
7.3. Correction of Zonal Spherical Aberration
7.4. Design of an Apochromatic Objective
8 Oblique Beams
8.1. Passage of an Oblique Beam Through a Spherical Surface
8.2. Tracing Oblique Meridional Rays
8.3. Tracing a Skew Ray
8.4. Graphical Representation of Skew-Ray Aberrations
8.5. Ray Distribution From a Single Zone of a Lens
9 Coma and the Sine Condition
9.1. The Optical Sine Theorem
9.2. The Abbe Sine Condition
9.3. Offense Against The Sine Condition, OSC
9.4. Illustration of Comatic Error
10 Design of Aplanatic Objectives
10.1. Broken-Contact TYPE
10.2. Parallel Air-Space Type
10.3. An Aplanatic Cemented Doublet
10.4. A Triple Cemented Aplanat
10.5. Aplanat With a Buried Achromatizing Surface
10.6. The Matching Principle
11 The Oblique Aberrations
11.1. Astigmatism and the Coddington Equations
11.2. The Petzval Theorem
11.3. Distortion
11.4. Lateral Color
11.5. The Symmetrical Principle
11.6. Computation of the Seidel Aberrations
12 Lenses in Which Stop Position Is a Degree of Freedom
12.1. The H' - L Plot
12.2. Simple Landscape Lenses
12.3. A Periscopic Lens
12.4. Achromatic Landscape Lenses
12.5. Achromatic Double Lenses
13 Symmetrical Double Anastigmats with Fixed Stop
13.1. The Designs of a Dagor Lens
13.2. The Designs of an Air-Spaced Dialyte Lens
13.3. A Double Gauss Type Lens
13.4. Double Gauss Lens With Cemented Triplets
13.5. Double Gauss Lens With Airspaced Negative Doublets
14 Unsymmetrical Photographic Objectives
14.1. The Petzval Portrait Lens
14.2. The Design of a Telephoto Lens
14.3. Lenses to Change Magnification
14.4. The Protar Lens
14.5. Design of a Tessar Lens
14.6. The Cooke Triplet Lens
15 Mirror and Catadioptric Systems
15.1. Comparison of Mirrors and Lenses
15.2. Ray Tracing a Mirror System
15.3. Single-Mirror Systems
15.4. Single-Mirror Catadioptric Systems
15.5. Two-Mirror Systems
15.6. Multiple-Mirror Zoom Systems
15.7. Summary
16 Eyepiece Design
16.1. Design of a Military-Type Eyepiece
16.2. An Erfle Eyepiece
16.3. A Galilean Viewfinder
17 Automatic Lens Improvement Programs
17.1. Finding a Lens Design Solution
17.2. Optimization Principles
17.3. Weights and Balancing Aberrations
17.4. Control of Boundary Conditions
17.5. Tolerances
17.6. Program Limitations
17.7. Lens Design Computing Development
17.8. Programs and Books Useful for Automatic Lens Design

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