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Spie Press Book

Advanced Sensing with Micro-optical Whispering-Gallery-Mode Resonators
Author(s): Giancarlo C. Righini; Silvia S. Huguet; Silvia Soria
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Book Description

This Spotlight examines an increasingly popular class of optical sensors that comprises microresonators based on the propagation of whispering gallery modes (WGMs). Several 2D and 3D WGM microresonators have already proved their capabilities as general-purpose sensors (especially as biosensors), and they have potential applications outside of research laboratories. Topics include the fundamentals of WGM propagation, types and characterization of microresonators, microfabrication issues, categories of sensing (physical, chemical, and biological), and state of the art sensors.

Book Details

Date Published: 5 April 2017
Pages: 40
Volume: SL28

Table of Contents
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1 Introduction

2 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators
2.1 Quality factor of a whispering gallery mode

3 Different Types of Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators
3.1 Microring and microdisk resonators
3.2 Microtoroid resonators
3.3 Microsphere resonators
3.4 Microcapillary resonators
3.5 Microbottle and microbubble resonators

4 Sensing Principles
4.1 Reactive shift
4.2 Mode splitting and line broadening

5 Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator Sensors: Applications
5.1 Sensing of physical parameters
5.2 Gas and biological sensors

6 Conclusions and Outlook

7 Acknowledgments



Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators have enabled real-world sensing applications by measuring physical quantities, such as temperature, mass, and pressure, as well as chemical and biomedical parameters. In the latter context, important achievements, such as label-free detection of a single virus, single molecules, and large objects, such as bacteria, have been recorded. We try to provide a quick overview of the state of the art of WGM-based sensors. A summary of the fundamental principles, the mathematical theory, and the main properties of different types of such resonators is also given.

Giancarlo C. Righini
Silvia Soria
March 2017

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