Hyperspectral imaging continues to be one of the fast-moving areas of photonics with new advances in instrumentation and the continuous growth in image processing including machine learning and artificial intelligence. Spectral cameras are available in contrasting form factors from space-borne satellite installations to miniature MEMS-based sensors integrated into mobile phones. The breadth and range of applications also continues to grow. Hyperspectral and multispectral cameras are increasingly used on UAV platforms for agricultural and geological surveys. Similar spectral cameras are gaining increased application in industrial scenarios such as sorting, grading and quality control. Newer snapshot cameras provide video rate spectral imaging offering advantages in applications monitoring dynamic scenes such as in some medical imaging.

It can be a challenge to determine the advantages of the differing spectral imaging techniques for specific applications. Also, to determine when it’s best to use multispectral or hyperspectral approaches or the optimum way to process image data. The SPIE Hyperspectral Imaging 2022 conference covers all aspects of hyperspectral imaging and applications and aims to help address some of these questions. Researchers, application engineers, manufacturers and users in industry are all invited to submit papers and participate the event.

Contributions from academia, government, industry, and other research organizations are solicited in areas including:

Technology

  • cameras, recent innovations
  • chemical imaging
  • UAV and camera integration
  • real-time video rate spectral imaging
  • hyperspectral vs multispectral
  • advances in SWIR imaging
  • processing spectral signatures
  • sensor technologies
  • Ssandards for hyperspectral imaging
  • interpreting and analysis of data for meaningful results.

  • Algorithms

  • deep-learning and neural networks
  • machine learning
  • novel classifiers
  • multimodality data fusion
  • super resolution
  • noise reduction
  • compressive sensing.

  • Applications

  • agriculture/environmental monitoring
  • biomedical/clinical imagery
  • counterfeit detection (drugs/currency)
  • food and drink (quality/safety/sorting)
  • geological analysis
  • hyperspectral imaging on the production line
  • manuscript and artifact examination
  • oil/gas and energy sectors
  • pathogen detection
  • remote sensing (environmental/agriculture)
  • recycling (identification/sorting).
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    In progress – view active session
    Conference 12338

    Hyperspectral Imaging and Applications II

    6 - 7 December 2022 | Gallery Suite 1
    View Session ∨
    • 1: New Technology, Standardisation and Calibration
    • 2: Hyperspectral Imaging Applications
    • 3: Medical Applications
    • 4: Remote Sensing/Earth Observations
    Session 1: New Technology, Standardisation and Calibration
    6 December 2022 • 1:30 PM - 3:20 PM GMT
    Session Chair: Nick J. Barnett, Pro-Lite Technology Ltd. (United Kingdom)
    12338-1
    Author(s): Melina Maria Zempila, Michelle Hamilton, Hugh Mortimer, RAL Space (United Kingdom)
    6 December 2022 • 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM GMT
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    In this study we present a hyperspectral imaging (HSI) system that comprises of two commercially available XIMEA xiSpec 2.2 MPixel snapshot mosaic cameras and focuses on the spectral window 470-920 nm. The system design meets the demands of static sampling and remote sensing when mounted on an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS). Details on the system’s set up – both in lab and on field, the calibration procedures and the image analysis will be given with focus on addressing major calibration challenges related to the nature of the HSI system presented in this study.
    12338-2
    Author(s): Fabrizio Preda, Antonio Perri, Marta Provera, Alexander Barker, Dario Polli, NIREOS SRL (Italy)
    6 December 2022 • 2:00 PM - 2:20 PM GMT
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    We present a novel hyperspectral imaging system working in the visible and in the short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral region based on a Fourier-transform approach. The technology presents an exceptional light throughput, a high spatial resolution, a software adjustable spectral resolution, and a wide versatility of use. In this work, we illustrate a broad portfolio of applications both in the visible and in the SWIR regions, with particular focus on microscopy and biology, cultural heritage, and quality control for the agri-food sector, in collaboration with a vertical farm.
    12338-3
    Author(s): Dan Dariel, Unispectral Ltd. (Israel)
    6 December 2022 • 2:20 PM - 2:40 PM GMT
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    The way we grow our food has not changed much in the past 2000years current days companies are trying to find multiple solution to transform agritech to precise agritech by monitoring the plants, fruits and vegetable every day from day 1 of planting to harvest to exporting it to the store: Hyperspectral technology and hyperspectral cameras are means to monitor in cost effective means both preharvest post harvest use cases. In preharvest: Monitoring Fungal/virus contamination, Monitoring Fertilizer elements shortage, Monitoring Pesticide residues, monitoring plant Stress such as water shortage In Postharvest package house : Moisture level, Withering control, Convey belts Segmentation, Quality grading In Postharvest Export and Merchant companies: Monitoring Ripeness level , Classifying Fruit/Veg quality or Seed/leaves quality
    12338-4
    Author(s): John R. Gilchrist, Clyde Hyperspectral Imaging and Technology Ltd. (United Kingdom); Torbjørn Skauli, Univ. of Oslo (Norway); Christopher Durrel, Labsphere, Inc. (United States)
    6 December 2022 • 2:40 PM - 3:00 PM GMT
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    Hyperspectral imaging has over the last thirty years developed into a power analytical tool for the determination of chemical and other properties. As a result, there has been strong development in both the design of spectral cameras and in the applications for which they are used. This has led to a diversity in the way fundamental instrument performances are characterized, reported, and understood. As a result, this makes it difficult to compare instruments for application- specific needs, or for commercial market needs. In 2018, the IEEE P4001 group was formed to facilitate the development of a standard to unify the use of terminology, spectral camera characterization methods, and the meta-data structures that are needed to represent spectral camera performance. This talk provides an update on the work to date, and the significant progress made towards the first draft of the standard which is scheduled to be available for review at the end of year 2022.
    12338-18
    Author(s): Mark Donaghy, Raptor Photonics Ltd. (United Kingdom)
    6 December 2022 • 3:00 PM - 3:20 PM GMT
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    There is a growing interest in SWIR to solve many problems across a range of applications. Major advances have been made in Hyperspectral Imaging over the past few years. The data collected in a HIS system for analysis relies on a good camera, offering a combination of resolution, speed and sensitivity. In this presentation Mark Donaghy, from Raptor will discuss the many parameters in selecting the right camera and will then go through a series of example applications that customers are working on using Raptor SWIR cameras. He will discuss where SWIR technology / HIS goes next.
    Session 2: Hyperspectral Imaging Applications
    6 December 2022 • 3:50 PM - 5:50 PM GMT
    Session Chair: Aoife A. Gowen, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
    12338-5
    Author(s): Friederike Körting, Julio E. Hernandez-Palacios, Pesal Koirala, Norsk Elektro Optikk AS (Norway); Miranda Lehman, Thomas Monecke, Ctr. for Advanced Subsurface Earth Resource Models, Colorado School of Mines (United States)
    6 December 2022 • 3:50 PM - 4:20 PM GMT
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    HySpex is presenting an integrated solution for hyperspectral drill core imaging. The system’s mineral mapping capabilities are studied in close cooperation with renowned academic and industrial partners through the Center for Advanced Subsurface Earth Resource Models (CASERM). The system around HySpex cameras in the spectral range of 400-2500 nm scans full core boxes within seconds providing real-time mineral mapping using Prediktera’s Breeze Geo software. Among others, mapping via the publicly available USGS Material Identification and Classification Algorithm (MICA) is provided. Drill cores from the LaRonde-Penna deposit are evaluated. The volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposit, contains an endowment of 71 Mt of ore grading on average 3.9 g/t Au and economic grades of Zn, Cu and Pd, the cores exhibit hydrothermal alteration and regional metamorphism. Validation is provided by using the Minalyze CS continuous X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) scanner and via previous peer-reviewed studies of the deposit.
    12338-6
    Author(s): Na Liu, Norsk Elektro Optikk AS (Norway); Juan Manuel Gonzalez, Black Square (Colombia); Julio Hernández, Norsk Elektro Optikk AS (Norway)
    6 December 2022 • 4:20 PM - 4:50 PM GMT
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    The objective of this study was to establish a non-invasive and high-throughput grading system for cocoa bean using hyperspectral imaging combined with machine learning. Cocoa beans were scanned using a HySpex SWIR camera covering the spectral range from 970 to 2500 nm. A maximum entropy model was built to identify each bean into different classes: good beans, under-fermented beans, slaty beans, and other low-quality beans. The classification was validated by cut test. A classification accuracy close to 80% was achieved without having to cut the beans open, revealing the great potential of hyperspectral imaging to accurate quality control of agricultural products.
    12338-7
    Author(s): Aoife Keane, Paul Murray, Jaime Zabalza, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom); Antonio DiBuono, Neil Cockbain, National Nuclear Lab. (United Kingdom); Robert Bernard, Sellafield Ltd. (United Kingdom)
    6 December 2022 • 4:50 PM - 5:10 PM GMT
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    This work reviews and presents new hyperspectral image results when analysing corrosion products in the UV range (250 nm – 500 nm). In related work and, prior work in our group, corrosion products on steel have been detected using hyperspectral imaging in the VIS, NIR and SWIR regions of the spectrum. However, an extensive review of the academic literature has revealed that the hyperspectral response of corrosion in the UV has not been reported. To address this, we present our results of imaging corrosion products on metal substrates using our Headwall UV-VIS Hyperspectral imaging sensor. Our initial results are interesting and exhibit strong spectral features which we analyse and discuss in detail in this paper
    12338-8
    Author(s): Andy Gibson, Emily Dunkason, Sarinova Simandjuntak, Hanly Bingari, Univ. of Portsmouth (United Kingdom)
    6 December 2022 • 5:10 PM - 5:30 PM GMT
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    We describe results from experiments investigating how hyperspectral data might be incorporated into autonomous inspections for offshore turbines, part of Dr SUIT– (Drone Swarm for Unmanned Inspection of Wind Turbines), a collaboration funded by InnovateUK (UKRI). Imagery and point measurements were captured of small turbine blades subjected to damage by abrasion, impact and UV exposure. The technique appears effective at classifying abrasion damage to a degree comparable with conventional inspection schemes. Impact damage could be classified as ‘lower’ or ‘higher’ energies. The blades designed resilience to UV meant that little change was detected in those tests.
    12338-9
    Author(s): Andrew Campbell, Jaime Zabalza, Paul Murray, Stephen Marshall, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom); Simon Malone, Sellafield Ltd (United Kingdom)
    6 December 2022 • 5:30 PM - 5:50 PM GMT
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    The operation of hyperspectral imaging systems in industrial environments can be a challenge. In the nuclear industry, partially transparent elements such as gloveboxes or panels are often used to cover samples for protection against the risk of contamination. In practical terms, this means that the hyperspectral sensors can only capture data through partially transparent media, which interferes the vision between sensor and sample. Representative examples of these media are Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) or acrylic and Polycarbonate (PC). In this work, we evaluate the effect that the transparent media can have on the data when captured under these conditions, where transparent materials are placed between sensor and sample. Experiments include hyperspectral images of the same samples captured with and without panel obstruction for a direct comparison of spectral responses, suggesting potential artificial intelligence techniques and methods to identify these effects and mitigate them.
    Session 3: Medical Applications
    7 December 2022 • 10:30 AM - 12:10 PM GMT
    Session Chair: Nick J. Barnett, Pro-Lite Technology Ltd. (United Kingdom)
    12338-10
    Author(s): Yijing Xie, King's College London (United Kingdom)
    7 December 2022 • 10:30 AM - 11:00 AM GMT
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    In the brain tumour resection surgery, functional brain mapping (FBM) has been adapted in the contemporary neurosurgical workflow for improved surgical outcome. It allows neurosurgeons to identify and preserve brain regions with critical functions, thus to prevent post-surgical neurological deficits. However, there is no effective ways to directly visualize brain functions in real-time intraoperatively. A compact functional brain imaging device that can be more easily utilised during surgery is highly desired. We’ve been developing a multispectral imaging system (MSI) with the aim to fill this unmet clinical need. The device has been designed to detect brain functional activity by characterising light reflectance changes due to the blood oxygenation/flow fluctuation and neuronal membrane change. Co-localised MSI and fMRI measurements have been performed for detecting brain response to external electrical stimulations on preclinical animal models. Results suggested MSI could be able to identify the stimulation-evoked brain region as validated by the fMRI findings
    12338-11
    Author(s): András Jung, Cubert GmbH (Germany); Barbara A. Darnell, Cubert GmbH (United States); Matthias Locherer, Cubert GmbH (Germany)
    7 December 2022 • 11:00 AM - 11:30 AM GMT
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    Hyperspectral or imaging spectroscopy is a unique technique by which spatio-spectral information can be parameterized most effectively. Our novel development provides the opportunity for both science and industry to find solutions for medical applications by putting the latest portable spectroscopy into imaging practice. Cubert GmbH (Germany) has recently developed a miniature (29x29x49mm, 120 g) snapshot hyperspectral imaging camera based on light field technology, where both the intensity and direction of incident light rays are used to produce 62500 spectra/image. The camera combines a continuously variable bandpass filter, a multi-lens array and a highspeed CMOS sensor. This spectral camera comes with a native resolution of 250x250 pixel, resulting in 3 million data points/cube with 50 spectral bands covering 450-850nm, taken in a single snapshot. The camera generates up to 24 full hyperspectral data cubes per second enabling the benefits of video spectroscopy. With an optimized software environment, real time image processing and classification of this high speed spatio-spectral dataset is enabled. Our snapshot imaging spectrometer captures the entire scene in a few milliseconds or less, which has significant impact in real-time spectral imaging. In our presentation, we will highlight unique applications made possible by our light field hyperspectral cameras. We will provide an insight into the latest development of early-stage Alzheimer disease detection using a hyperspectral camera. We will also illustrate the advances in upcoming endoscopic devices and the usability of hyperspectral cameras in microscopy.
    12338-12
    Author(s): Marco La Salvia, Univ. of Pavia (Italy); Emanuele Torti, Marco Gazzoni, Elisa Marenzi, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy); Raquel Leon, Samuel Ortega, Himar Fabelo, Gustavo Callicó, Univ. de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Francesco Leporati, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy)
    7 December 2022 • 11:30 AM - 11:50 AM GMT
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    This work presents the feasibility of supervised deep learning architectures, namely U-Net++ and DeepLab-V3+, to perform the automatic segmentation of fifteen intraoperative glioblastomas hyperspectral images retained from the HELICoiD database. The HELICoiD ML-based pipeline conveys the gold-standard procedure to retrieve a segmentation map of brain cancer, as it is the only feasible way to label medical data when ground truth is unavailable via pathology-confirmed testing. The goal is to differentiate glioblastoma from other brain tissues, researching ways to analyse the images end-to-end and improve the time required to process different supervised and unsupervised algorithms in a unique ML pipeline.
    12338-13
    Author(s): Marco La Salvia, Emanuele Torti, Giacomo Lago, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy); Raquel Leon, Univ. de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain); Roberto Gandolfi, Massimo Rossella, Gianni Danese, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy); Paolo Lago, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo (Italy); Francesco Leporati, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy)
    7 December 2022 • 11:50 AM - 12:10 PM GMT
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    We propose a hyperspectral imaging blueprint, designed to work with pushbroom sensors, which only seize one scene line at a time, offering high spatial and spectral resolutions. It can work in any scenario involving a motionless subject. It is affordable, open-source and robust. The system comprises Python libraries, an Arduino One platform, a Nema17 stepper motor, its driver controller, and a recirculating ball screw for accurate movement. It offers a diode-based targeting system to centre the image capture and measure the right focusing distance. A graphical user interface lets physicians interact, move and acquire the diagnostic data from the camera.
    Session 4: Remote Sensing/Earth Observations
    7 December 2022 • 1:30 PM - 2:40 PM GMT
    Session Chair: Haida Liang, Nottingham Trent Univ. (United Kingdom)
    12338-14
    Author(s): Andrei Fridman, Lars Lierstuen, Magnus Breivik, Erlend Leirset, Trond Løke, Norsk Elektro Optikk AS (Norway)
    7 December 2022 • 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM GMT
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    Hyperspectral cameras can acquire highly useful data for geology, agriculture, urban planning, and many other applications. Several satellite-based hyperspectral cameras are currently operational. Even big instruments usually have relatively large ground sampling distance (GSD): ~10m in 400-1000nm range and ~30m in 900-2500nm range (even coarser in microsatellite cameras). Our approach has been to provide significantly improved GSD, small keystone and smile, while keeping acceptable spectral sampling and SNR. The instrument development has been funded by the Norwegian Space Agency. The Agency has selected one of the proposed instruments as the primary payload on an upcoming Norwegian In-Orbit Demonstrator satellite.
    12338-15
    Author(s): Nour Aburaed, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom), Univ. of Dubai (United Arab Emirates); Mohammed Alkhatib, Univ. of Dubai (United Arab Emirates); Stephen Marshall, Jaime Zabalza, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom); Hussain Al-Ahmad, Univ. of Dubai (United Arab Emirates)
    7 December 2022 • 2:00 PM - 2:20 PM GMT
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    Remote sensing applications are nowadays widely spread in various industrial fields, such as mineral and water exploration, geo-structural mapping, and natural hazards analysis. These applications require that the performance of image processing tasks, such as segmentation, object detection, and classification, to be of high accuracy. This can be achieved with relative ease if the given image has high spatial resolution as well as high spectral resolution. However, due to sensor limitations, spatial and spectral resolutions have an inherently inverse relationship and cannot be achieved simultaneously. Hyperspectral Satellite Images (HSI) have high spectral resolution, but suffer from low spatial resolution, which hinders utilizing them to their full potential. One of the most widely used approaches to enhance spatial resolution is Single Image Super Resolution (SISR) techniques. In the recent years, Deep CNNs have been widely used for HSI enhancement, as they have shown superiority over other traditional methods. Nonetheless, researches still aspire to enhance HSI quality further while overcoming common challenges, such as spectral distortions. Research has shown that properties of natural images can be easily captured using complex numbers. However, this has not been thoroughly investigated from the perspective of HSI SISR. In this paper, we propose a variation of a Complex Valued Neural Network (CVNN) architecture for HSI spatial enhancement. The benefits of approaching the problem from a frequency domain perspective will be answered and the proposed network will be compared to its real counterpart and other state-of-the-art approaches. The evaluation and comparison will be recorded qualitatively by visual comparison, and quantitatively using Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR), Structural Similarity Index (SSIM), Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM) and Erreur Relative Globale Adimensionnelle de Synthese (ERGAS – Relative dimensionless global error in synthesis).
    12338-16
    Author(s): Alba German, Instituto Gulich (Argentina); Arthur Vandenhoeke, Royal Military Academy (Belgium); Anabella Ferral, Marcelo Scavuzzo, Instituto Gulich (Argentina); Michal Shimoni, Kuva Space (Finland)
    7 December 2022 • 2:20 PM - 2:40 PM GMT
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    The high productivity of biomass registered in eutrophic water bodies leads to qualitative and quantitative changes in the phytoplankton community, resulting in massive algae blooms. Convolutional networks can be effective to analyze all dimensions in satellite images, in order to study algae blooms. In this work, we assess the performance of this methodologies applied to temporal multispectral Sentinel 2 data to evaluate the monitoring of algae blooms in San Roque reservoir, Córdoba, Argentina. We analyze the results together with hyperspectral data, collected in several points of the water body as in the laboratory with algae cultures, using an ASD.
    Conference Chair
    Pro-Lite Technology Ltd. (United Kingdom)
    Conference Co-Chair
    Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
    Conference Co-Chair
    Nottingham Trent Univ. (United Kingdom)
    Program Committee
    2Excel Aviation Ltd. (United Kingdom)
    Program Committee
    Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
    Program Committee
    Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
    Program Committee
    Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
    Program Committee
    King's College London (United Kingdom)
    Additional Information

    View call for papers