The detection of infrared radiation has proven to be a viable tool in environmental studies, homeland security, astronomy, meteorological satellites and in medical, automotive, and military applications. This conference will provide a venue for papers ranging from basic device physics to novel applications. Improvements in infrared sensing & imaging relating to reduced feature size for the read-out integrated circuit (ROIC) fabrication, and compositional and doping control for the detector layer, have led to new opportunities for meeting the needs of the terrestrial, air, and space user communities. Unique IR device structures have been shown to evolve from new capabilities in the nanotechnology realm. Recent developments in novel detector materials, including those for strained superlattice and barrier architectures, promise significant technological advances. Room temperature infrared detectors for terrestrial use also benefit from these advancements. Various read-out circuit architectures allow functionality for higher-sensitivity cooled IR focal plane arrays, and also permit increased capabilities. We are also seeking papers that expand the state-of-the-art and affordability of sensors, with novel pixel readout approaches and improved signal processing, including the digital flow of data off the FPA in the form of LVDS, for example.

The conference is a high-level forum bringing together scientists and engineers involved in the research, design, and development of infrared sensors and focal plane arrays. A special session titled “Infrared Technology to address Global Climate Change” is in the planning stage for this conference.

Papers are solicited for infrared technology, including the following topics:

NOVEL DETECTOR MATERIALS AND ARCHITECTURES
MODELING OF IR OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES AND MATERIALS
FOCAL PLANE ARRAYS, READ-OUT INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, AND COMPONENTS
APPLICATIONS OF IR TECHNOLOGY
ADVANCED CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES ;
In progress – view active session
Conference 11831

Infrared Sensors, Devices, and Applications XI

In person: 4 August 2021 | Conv. Ctr. Room 2
On demand now
View Session ∨
  • 1: Novel Detectors
  • 2: Detector Application & Characterization
  • 3: Space & Airborne FPAs
  • 4: Bio Applications of IR Detectors
  • Wednesday Surf Rock Chill and Beer Reception
  • Poster Session
Session 1: Novel Detectors
In person / Livestream: 4 August 2021 • 10:30 AM - 11:20 AM PDT | Conv. Ctr. Room 2
Session Chairs: Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya, Teledyne Imaging Sensors (United States), Arvind I. D'Souza, Leonardo DRS (United States)
11831-27
Author(s): Sarath D. Gunapala, David Z. Ting, Sir B. Rafol, Alexander Soibel, Arezou Khoshakhlagh, Sam A. Keo, Brian J. Pepper, Anita M. Fisher, Cory J. Hill, Thomas S. Pagano, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States); Michael W. Kelly, Justin J. Baker, Christopher David, Copious Imaging LLC (United States); Paul G. Lucey, Robert Wright, Miguel A. Nunes, Luke Flynn, Hawai‘i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology (United States); Sachidananda R. Babu, Parminder Ghuman, NASA Earth Science Technology Office (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
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In this presentation we will discuss the development of Ga-free type-II superlattice (T2SLS) barrier infrared detectors (BIRDs) which operate at higher operating temperature due to the strong suppression of G-R dark current associated with SRH processes. We have successfully fabricated mid-wave BIRD focal planes and integrated with a dewar cryocooler assembly (DCA) for CIRAS 6U CubeSat. We have also successfully fabricated long-wave BIRD FPA for HyTI 6U CubeSat and it will be integrated with a DCA as well. Thus, T2SL BIRDs offer a breakthrough solution for the realization of low cost, high performance focal planes for compact remote sensing instruments.
11831-6
Author(s): Ashok K. Sood, John Zeller, Magnolia Optical Technologies Inc (United States); Parminder Ghuman, NASA Earth Science Technology Office Office, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Sachidananda Babu, NASA Earth Science Technology Officelogy Office Office (United States); Nibir K . Dhar, U S Army Night Vision and Sensor Directorate Sensors (United States); Randy N. Jacobs, U S Army Night Vision Electronics Directorate eSensor Directorate Sensors (United States); Samiran Ganguly, Dept. of EE and Computer Engg, UVA (United States); Avik Ghosh, Dept. of EE and Computer Engg (United States); Latika S. Chaudhry, CNSE, SUNY, 257 Fuller Road (United States); Harry Efstathiads, CNSE (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
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Ashok K. Sood and John W. Zeller Magnolia Optical Technologies, Inc., 52-B Cummings Park, Suite 314, Woburn, MA 01801 Magnolia Optical Technologies Inc, 251 Fuller Road, CESTM B250, Albany NY 12203 Parminder Ghuman and Sachidananda Babu NASA Earth Science Technology Office, Greenbelt, MD 20771 Nibir K. Dhar and Randy N. Jacobs U.S. Army Night Vision & Electronic Sensors Directorate, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060 Samiran Ganguly and Avik Ghosh Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 Latika S. Chaudhary and Harry Efstathiadis College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, State University of New York Polytechnic Institute, 257 Fuller Road, Albany, NY, USA 12203 ABSTRACT High performance detector technology is being developed for sensing over the mid-wave infrared (MWIR) band for NASA Earth Science, defense, and commercial applications. The graphene-based HgCdTe detector technology involves the integration of graphene with HgCdTe photo
11831-1
Author(s): Ruei-Lien Sun, Hsin-Han Lai, Ching-Fuh Lin, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
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In this work, the correlation between hot carriers and the photothermal effect has been investigated. Through the heat relaxation of low energized hot carriers, the energy may be turned into the photothermal response and boosts the total response under bias driven. A significant photothermal effect has been measured with a very simple structured thin film NiSi/n-Si Schottky device in the SWIR regime. The signal changes the magnitude and polarity under different bias applied. Moreover, in certain conditions, MWIR signals are also measured with a responsivity of 0.3 mA/W in 5 s at wavelength of 4.8 μm, showing that the detectability could be extended over the cut-off with this effect.
11831-3
Author(s): Vladimir Pejovic, imec (Belgium), KU Leuven (Belgium); Epimitheas Georgitzikis, Pawel Malinowski, imec (Belgium); Paul Heremans, imec (Belgium), KU Leuven (Belgium); David Cheyns, imec (Belgium)
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In this work, we present a photodetector based on PbS colloidal quantum dots which can be used for low-cost, high-resolution multispectral imaging in the short-wavelength infrared range. Using versatile solution-based processing of thin films, we fabricated a switchable, dual-channel, two-terminal photodetector that can be monolithically integrated with small-pitch CMOS readout arrays. Its vertically stacked structure provides higher spatial resolution compared to conventional snapshot multispectral image sensors. We show the results of the optical simulations based on the transfer matrix method, which allowed us to achieve a wavelength-tunable narrowband response. We demonstrate the operation of the photodetector and its facile tunability by showing an EQE of more than 25% at different bands in the wavelength range of 1-1.5 μm. This work demonstrates the potential of the emerging thin-film technology for multispectral imaging.
11831-5
Author(s): Jaroslaw Kirdoda, Ross William Millar, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom); Fiona Thorburn, Laura L. Huddleston, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom); Derek C. S. Dumas, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom); Zoë M. Greener, Kateryna Kuzmenko, Peter Vines, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom); Lourdes Ferre-Llin, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom); Xin Yi, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom); Scott Watson, Bhavana Benakaprasad, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom); Gerald S. Buller, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom); Douglas J. Paul, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
On demand
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We present a pseudo-planar geometry 26µm diameter Ge-on-Si single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) detector with temperature insensitive single photon detection efficiency of 29.4% at 1310nm wavelength for applications including free-space LIDAR. A record low dark count rate of 104 counts/s at 125K at an excess bias of 6.6% is demonstrated, with temporal jitter reaching 134ps. The noise-equivalent power is measured to be 7.7x10-17WHz-12 which is a 2 orders of magnitude reduction when compared to comparable 25µm mesa devices. This device represents the state-of-the-art for Ge-on-Si SPADs, and highlights that these Si foundry compatible devices have enormous potential for SWIR single-photon applications.
Session 2: Detector Application & Characterization
In person / Livestream: 4 August 2021 • 11:20 AM - 12:00 PM PDT | Conv. Ctr. Room 2
Session Chairs: Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya, Teledyne Imaging Sensors (United States), Arvind I. D'Souza, Leonardo DRS (United States)
11831-9
Author(s): Ünal Sakoglu, Univ. of Houston-Clear Lake (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
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Infrared imagery, like almost any other two-dimensional (2D) imagery, have been traditionally sampled and acquired using a traditional rectangular grid. Therefore, nonuniformity correction (NUC) algorithms for infrared imaging systems which mitigate the most dominant, bias/offset portion of the nonuniformity were developed on the rectangular grid. However, it is well-known that hexagonal sampling grid captures more information in sampled data/imagery when compared to traditional rectangular sampling, and a hexagonal addressing scheme (HAS) for hexagonally-sampled imagery to convert imagery between the two different coordinate systems was developed. In this work, we build on prior work by Sakoglu et al. who developed bilinear interpolation equations between two image frames under the 2-D global motion of the scene or the camera, and apply this 2D algebraic NUC algorithm to hexagonally-sampled imagery directly in the HAS domain by utilizing simulated hexagonal sampling of real IR images.
11831-13
Author(s): Ashok K. Sood, Magnolia Optical Technologies Inc (United States); John W. Zeller, Adam W. Sood, Roger E. Welser, Magnolia Optical Technologies, Inc. (United States); Parminder Ghuman, Sachidananda R. Babu, NASA Earth Science Technology Office (United States); Sarath D. Gunapala, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States); Latika S. Chaudhary, State Univ. of New York Polytechnic Institute (United States); Harry Efstathiadis, SUNY Polytechnic Institute (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
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Development of UV to IR Band Nanostructured Antireflection Coating Technology for Improved Detector and Sensor Performance Ashok K. Sood, John W. Zeller, Adam W. Sood, and Roger E. Welser Magnolia Optical Technologies, Inc., 52-B Cummings Park, Suite 314, Woburn, MA 01801 Magnolia Optical Technologies Inc., 251 Fuller Road, CESTM B250, Albany, NY 12203 Harry Efstathiadis College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, State University of New York Polytechnic Institute, 257 Fuller Road, Albany, NY 12203 Parminder Ghuman and Sachidananda Babu NASA Earth Science Technology Office, Greenbelt, MD 20771 Sarath Gunapala Center for Infrared Photodetectors, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91030 ABSTRACT Broadband antireflection (AR) optical coatings covering the ultraviolet (UV) to infrared (IR) spectral bands have many potential applications for various NASA systems. The performance of these systems is substantially limited by signal loss due to re
11831-7
Author(s): Zih-Chun Su, Ching-Fuh Lin, National Taiwan Univ. (Taiwan)
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The Cr/n-Si Schottky diode is fitted multiple times with different external resistors. Comparing the external resistance with the variation of the fitted series resistance. The more consistent these two resistance, the more accurate the estimation of barrier height and ideality factor are. In this work, we eventually succeed in calculating the 3647 nm cutoff wavelength of the Schottky diode fabricated by Cr and n-Si under the condition that the error of the external resistance and the variation of the fitted series resistance is less than 0.05%.
11831-10
Author(s): Joaquim Junior Isidio de Lima, Ary Allan Souza Lins, Andressa Mara Menezes Alexandre, Paulo Soares Filho, Univ. Federal do Vale do São Francisco (Brazil); Vitaly Felix Rodriguez-Esquerre, Univ. Federal da Bahia (Brazil)
On demand
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In this paper, the properties of broadband absorbers for visible and near-infrared frequencies, based on multilayered metal-insulator (MI) structures have been analyzed. In our analysis, we have considered Titanium as metal and Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) as dielectric. In addition, the effect of the incident angle on the absorption properties of transverse magnetic and transverse electric polarized waves has been also investigated. Further, the influence of structural geometrical parameters has been studied in order to maximize the absorption and bandwidth. We believe that our results can be used as practical guidelines for realization of efficient broadband visible and infrared absorbers enabling applications as filters or absorbers for visible, infrared radiation and optical communications frequencies. The Finite Element Method has been used to carry the simulations.
Session 3: Space & Airborne FPAs
In person / Livestream: 4 August 2021 • 1:30 PM - 2:40 PM PDT | Conv. Ctr. Room 2
Session Chairs: Gan Wijeratne, HRL Labs., LLC (United States), Ashok K. Sood, Magnolia Optical Technologies, Inc. (United States), Parminder Ghuman, NASA Earth Science Technology Office (United States)
11831-14
Author(s): Atul Joshi, SAAZ Micro (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
11831-15
Author(s): Robert Wright, Paul Lucey, Hawai‘i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology (United States); Miguel Nunes, Hawai'i Space Flight Lab. (United States); Sarath Gunapala, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States), Caltech (United States); Sir Rafol, David Ting, Alex Soibel, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States); Chiara M. Ferrari-Wong, Hawai‘i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology (United States); Tom George, Saraniasat, Inc. (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
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The HyTI (Hyperspectral Thermal Imager) mission, funded by NASA’s Earth Science Technology Office InVEST (In-Space Validation of Earth Science Technologies) program, will demonstrate how high spectral and spatial long-wave infrared image data can be acquired from a 6U CubeSat platform. The mission will use a spatially modulated interferometric imaging technique to produce spectro-radiometrically calibrated image cubes, with 25 channels between 8-10.7 microns, at 13 wavenumber resolution), at a ground sample distance of ~60 m. The HyTI performance model indicates narrow band NEdTs of <0.3 K.
11831-19
Author(s): Paul D. LeVan, Air Force Research Lab. (United States); Ünal Sakoglu, Univ. of Houston-Clear Lake (United States)
On demand | Presented Live 4 August 2021
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We present a conceptual design for an in-situ methane gas sensor that could be deployed rapidly to suspected sites of spurious methane emission. Based on the remote detection of suspected methane leaks now possible with a class of satellites currently in orbit or soon to be launched, in-situ sensors would be deployed to the location of the detection, and accurate measurements of methane leak rates would be reported. The paper reports on the conceptual design, with details on the electronics approach needed to realize the needed levels of sensitivity. Performance quantification will be accomplished through simulation using accurate noise models.
11831-16
Author(s): Arnaud Crastes, Teledyne e2v (France); Mark Ruiter, Sander Gierkink, Teledyne DALSA (Netherlands); Jean Brunelle, Teledyne DALSA (Canada)
On demand
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ABSTRACT: The high level of expertise accumulated by Teledyne in designing ROIC for different spectral imaging sensors (from X-rays to far–infrared) enables the company to develop high performance thermal imaging sensors optimized for Size, Weight, Power and Cost (SWaP-C). The specific ROIC design discussed avoids almost any trade-off between scene dynamic range and NETD which is the main issue encountered by all other FPA suppliers. In this paper, we will show how to achieve a NETD of 50mK with a dynamic range of around 1000°C without any FPA adjustment settings. Key characteristics of the sensitive material are described to highlight the capabilities of this technology for system operation: mainly the ease of operation operation due to fully digital ROIC and specific design will be demonstrated. Finally, we will see how all the previously mentioned key parameters are paving the way to affordable, powerful thermal imaging modules and cameras.
11831-18
Author(s): Anwesh Bhattacharya, Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris (France), Univ. PSL (France), Institut Langevin Ondes et Images, CNRS (France); Pascal Berto, Sorbonne Univ. (France), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (France), Institut de la Vision, CNRS (France); Valentina Krachmalnicoff, Ignacio Izeddin, Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris (France), Univ. PSL (France), Institut Langevin Ondes et Images, CNRS (France); Gilles Tessier, Sorbonne Univ. (France), Institut de la Vision, CNRS (France), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (France); Yannick De Wilde, Ecole Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris (France), Univ. PSL (France), Institut Langevin Ondes et Images, CNRS (France)
On demand
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Infrared imaging is ubiquitous in airborne measurements, structural monitoring, and medical diagnostics. Long wave infrared (LWIR) radiation (λ = 8-14 µm) enables self-illuminated thermal imaging, and unique chemical identification. Alternatively, visible speckle imaging is successful at imaging through complex inhomogeneous scattering media. In this context, we have developed a high-resolution broadband LWIR speckle imaging setup for phase reconstruction, using a thin scattering medium before an uncooled microbolometric camera. Due to the scatterer's angular memory effect, local phase gradients in the incoming beam produce distorted speckle images after scattering. Local translation shifts between speckle patterns are estimated by a diffeomorphic algorithm to find a phase gradient map, whose 2-D integration yields the wavefront. We demonstrate infrared phase image reconstruction using our setup, with future plans of LWIR imaging through visually opaque objects.
Session 4: Bio Applications of IR Detectors
In person: 4 August 2021 • 2:40 PM - 3:00 PM PDT | On Demand
11831-26
CANCELED: Silicon micro-electromechanical resonator for enhanced photoacoustic gas detection
In person: 4 August 2021 • 2:40 PM - 3:00 PM PDT | On Demand
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Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) is one of the most efficient ways to obtain sensitive, selective, robust gas sensors, where the signal can be given with a fast response and measured continuously. The main drawback of QEPAS comes from usage of quartz tuning fork (QTF) as a mechanical transducer. QTF is not specifically design for photoacoustic gas sensing and its further integration is limited. We propose a silicone resonant MEMS based on capacitive transduction mechanism. This sensor can be an efficient transducer for sound wave detection able to advantageously replace a QTF as its limit of detection is comparable with QTF.
11831-21
Author(s): David Perpetuini, Chiara Filippini, Antonio Maria Chiarelli, Daniela Cardone, Univ. degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy); Sergio Rinella, Simona Massimino, Univ. degli Studi di Catania (Italy); Francesco Bianco, Valentina Bucciarelli, Univ. degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy); Vincenzo Vinciguerra, Piero Fallica, STMicroelectronics (Italy); Vincenzo Perciavalle, Univ. degli Studi di Catania (Italy), Univ. Kore di Enna (Italy); Sabina Gallina, Arcangelo Merla, Univ. degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy)
On demand
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Since cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death, several markers of cardiovascular risk have been defined, such as the Augmentation Index (AIx). AIx is generally measured employing pressure cuffs. A procedure to accurately and quickly predict the AIx based on photoplethysmography (PPG) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is described in this study. The CNN model delivered a correlation coefficient between the real and predicted AIx of r=0.74 and an Area Under the Curve of AUC=0.93 when discriminating individuals at high and low cardiovascular risk. The results demonstrated the capability of the method to assess cardiovascular risk for clinical screenings.
11831-22
Author(s): Chiara Filippini, Antonio Maria Chiarelli, Daniela Cardone, David Perpetuini, Lorenza Brescia, Luca Agnifili, Leonardo Mastropasqua, Arcangelo Merla, Univ. degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy)
On demand
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An automated approach for the age-related ocular surface modifications (AR-OSM) assessment is presented in this study. The method is based on the eye Infrared (IR) imaging and deep learning techniques. The overriding goal of such an approach is to provide an accurate, straightforward method for the preliminary identification of eyes at risk for age-related illness. A convolutional neural network was implemented to predict the subjects’ age based on their eye IR-image. The correlation between the real and predicted age reached a value of r=0.82, thus demonstrating the feasibility of the method and favouring the possibility of a widespread AR-OSM screening.
11831-23
Author(s): Erik Beall, Thermal Diagnostics LLC (United States)
On demand
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Some microbolometer arrays being used for high-accuracy applications, such as body temperature measurement, are observed to exhibit a pixel crosstalk-like effect, often referred to as size-of-source, which is not reflected in the noise-equivalent temperature difference (NETD) metric. Despite use of an IR calibration target to linearize the scene to high accuracy, in certain systems the artifact can cause readings of facial temperatures to vary by as much as 2C. The standard for thermographic body temperature measurement does not address this artifact. We discuss test methods for evaluating the artifact and its impact on the body temperature application, calibration methods for determining correction parameters and an example implementation of such a correction in real-time thermographic imaging.
11831-24
Author(s): Erik Beall, Thermal Diagnostics LLC (United States)
On demand
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Thermographic systems have been deployed widely for the non-contact detection of febrile temperatures during the COVID-19 pandemic, to considerable and rising concern in the community. A published set of standards are currently relied on for the assessment of these systems. However, these standards were largely designed to enable the implementation of a working application using off-the-shelf thermographic equipment and were developed with only limited research into the underlying methods being used. We describe challenges with the standards as they exist now, discuss the impact of these challenges on actual sensitivity of a resulting febrile temperature screening system and we describe simple potential test methods to evaluate a thermographic system for sensitivity at detection of real fevers and the tradeoffs between true positives and false positives with the use of biasing algorithms.
11831-25
Author(s): Daniela Cardone, Chiara Filippini, Univ. degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy); Lorenza Mancini, Antonella Pomante, Michele Tritto, Sergio Nocco, Next2U s.r.l. (Italy); David Perpetuini, Arcangelo Merla, Univ. degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy)
On demand
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An automated method for drivers' drowsiness detection based on thermal infrared imaging and machine learning techniques is presented. The main aim of this approach is to detect the drivers' drowsy states, overcoming the limitations due to the use of visible cameras to detect signs of fatigue. Using a machine learning approach based on thermal features, it was possible to classify, with a sufficient level of accuracy, the drowsy state of the subjects while driving in a simulated environment. The presented work suggests the possibility to detect driver's drowsiness on the basis of facial thermal features.
Wednesday Surf Rock Chill and Beer Reception
In person: 4 August 2021 • 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM PDT | Conv. Ctr. West Terrace (Upper Level)
Join other attendees for some light appetizers as you relax to the vibes of a California surf band. Network with company representatives and other technical professionals and enjoy some San Diego sunshine.
Poster Session
11831-11
Author(s): Hai Sheng Cong, Jianfeng Sun, Zhiyong Lu, Hongyu He, Ronglei Han, Weijie Ren, Longkun Zhang, Yuxin Jiang, Chaoyang Li, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
On demand
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This article mainly shows that coherent accumulation of multi-aperture receiver array based on frequency modulation continuous wave (FMCW) coherent lidar has an excellent performance for the weak signal detection of target which is far distance or moving with a high velocity. This method can improve the signal and noise ratio (SNR) and detection range accuracy by multi-aperture receiver array. In addition, the analysis done by simulation shows that phase fluctuation of atmospheric turbulence has a significant influence on the performance of coherent accumulation of multi-aperture receiver array. Stimulation result shows that the amplitude fluctuation of signal could degrade the quality of coherent accumulation based on multi-aperture receiver array and its existence leads to the worse performance before non-amplitude fluctuation. Phase fluctuation of signal deteriorates the performance of coherent accumulation while its size is big or small.
Conference Chair
Magnolia Optical Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Conference Chair
Teledyne Imaging Sensors (United States)
Conference Chair
Leonardo DRS (United States)
Program Committee
NASA Earth Science Technology Office (United States)
Program Committee
Boston Univ. (United States)
Program Committee
Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
U.S. Army Night Vision & Electronic Sensors Directorate (United States)
Program Committee
Teledyne Imaging Sensors (United States)
Program Committee
Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Program Committee
Hiroshi Murakami
Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Program Committee
A*STAR Agency for Science, Technology and Research (Singapore)
Program Committee
Univ. of Houston-Clear Lake (United States)
Program Committee
HRL Labs., LLC (United States)