San Diego Convention Center
San Diego, California, United States
11 - 15 August 2019
Plenary Events
Sunday Evening Plenary Session
Date: Sunday 11 August 2019
Time: 6:00 PM - 7:25 PM
Location: Conv. Ctr. Room 6A
6:00 PM - 6:05 PM: Welcome and Opening Remarks


2019 SPIE President Jim Oschmann, Ball Aerospace - Retired (United States)

6:05 PM - 6:45 PM: Accelerating Science: How AI and Cloud Computing Can Boost Scientific Progress

Massimo Mascaro, Google Cloud (United States)

AI has the potential of profoundly augmenting the toolset that scientists have at their disposal, and the ability to spike computation to cloud can be transformative in the ability to perform scientific exploration and data analysis. We will discuss how AI and cloud computing have started a revolution in the big IT companies that is now spreading to enterprise, academia, and governments. To illustrate this, we will discuss some of the recent work done in collaboration with NASA as part of the Frontier Development Lab in helping processing exoplanet data from TESS and Kepler and in characterizing exoplanet life signatures from those planets.

Massimo Mascaro is part of the Applied AI team in the Office of the CTO for Google Cloud. In this role, he helps Google Cloud customers reimagine their businesses by leveraging the power of AI and the products from Google that enable it. He has 25+ years of experience in Machine Learning, first in research and then in many applied roles, spanning from computer vision, speech processing, web search, and consumer finance.

6:45 PM - 7:25 PM: LISA: Observing Gravitational Waves from Space

Martin Gehler, European Space Agency (France)

The LISA mission concept has been selected by the European Space Agency (ESA) as its third large-class mission within the Cosmic Vision programme. LISA, which stands for “Laser Interferometer Space Antenna," is a space-based gravitational wave observatory, consisting of three spacecraft in a triangular formation providing access to the milli-Hertz frequency band of the gravitational wave spectrum. The distance between the freely floating test masses housed within the spacecraft is monitored over arm-lengths of 2.5 million km at the picometer level by laser interferometry. First ideas for such a mission emerged long before the turn of the century and the concept has evolved over several decades culminating in the proposal of LISA in its current form in 2016. LISA is currently developed with contributions from the ESA member states and NASA as an international partner with an envisaged launch date before 2034. In this talk, we present the mission concept and its current state of development as well as the technological challenges, especially in the optical metrology chain. We address developments on the telescope, on the optical bench, lasers, and on the interferometric measurement.

Martin Gehler is currently the Study Manager of the European Space Agency, responsible for the pre-development phase of the LISA – Laser Interferometer Space Antenna – mission within the Agency’s Science Programme. Joining the European Space Agency in 2009, he’s been the study manager for multiple future science missions related to fundamental physics, as well as the System Engineer for the preparation of JUICE, a mission to the icy moons of Jupiter. He graduated from RWTH Aachen Univ. in mechanical engineering with a major in aeronautical and astronautical engineering.
Nanoscience + Engineering Plenary Session
Date: Monday 12 August 2019
Time: 8:30 AM - 12:00 PM
Location: Conv. Ctr. Room 6A
Session Chairs: Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop, The Univ. of Queensland (Australia) and Mark L. Brongersma, Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials (GLAM), Stanford Univ. (United States)

8:30 AM - 8:35 AM: Welcome and Opening Remarks

8:35 AM - 9:15 AM: From Inverse Design to Implementation of Practical (Quantum) Photonics

Jelena Vuckovic, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Combining state-of-the-art optimization and machine learning techniques with high speed electromagnetic solvers offers a new approach to “inverse” design and implement classical and quantum photonic circuits with superior properties, including robustness to errors in fabrication and environment, compact footprints, novel functionalities, and high efficiencies. We illustrate this with a number of demonstrated devices in silicon, diamond, and silicon carbide, including wavelength and polarization splitters and converters, power splitters, couplers, nonlinear optical isolators, on chip laser driven particle accelerators, and efficient quantum emitter-photon interfaces.

Jelena Vuckovic is a Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford, where she leads the Nanoscale and Quantum Photonics Lab. Vuckovic has won numerous awards including the Humboldt Prize and the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. She is a Fellow of APS, OSA, and IEEE.

View the SPIE interview with Jelena Vuckovic

9:15 AM - 10:00 AM: Optical Forces Go Smart

Giovanni Volpe, Göteborg Univ. (Sweden)

Optical forces have revolutionized nanotechnology. In particular, optical forces have been used to measure and exert femtonewton forces on nanoscopic objects. This has provided the essential tools to develop nanothermodynamics, to explore nanoscopic interactions such as critical Casimir forces, and to realize microscopic devices capable of autonomous operation. The future of optical forces now lies in the development of smarter experimental setups and data-analysis algorithms, partially empowered by the machine-learning revolution. This will open unprecedented possibilities, such as the study of the energy and information flows in nanothermodynamics systems, the design of novel forms of interactions between nanoparticles, and the realization of smart microscopic devices.

Giovanni Volpe is Associate Professor at Göteborg Univ., where he leads the Soft Matter Lab (http://www.softmatterlab.org/). He has published more than 80 articles on diverse topics including optical trapping, active matter, and neurosciences. He has co-authored the book “Optical Tweezers: Principles and Applications” (Cambridge University Press, 2015). He is the recipient the ERC Starting Grant ComplexSwimmers and coordinator of the MSCA Innovative Training Networks ActiveMatter.

Coffee Break 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM

10:30 AM - 11:15 AM: Structured Light for Next-Generation Optical Trapping

Cornelia Denz, Westfälische Wilhelms-Univ. Münster (Germany)

At least since optical angular momentum of light has been transferred to trapped particles, the paramount potential of structured light for optical trapping has become clear. Nowadays, the development from amplitude- and phase-modulated beams to fully structured light, being additionally shaped in polarization, opens various new perspectives. Within this talk, the potential of fully structured light for next-generation optical trapping will be outlined. Modern light customization techniques will be highlighted, including singular and topological focal fields. Their significant benefit will be demonstrated by nano-container manipulation as well as propelling objects, and pioneering the formation of functional nanosystems.

Cornelia Denz received her PhD in 1992 from Darmstadt Univ. of Technology, Germany. Parts of her PhD were performed at the Institut d’ Optique in Orsay, France. In 1992 she received the Lise Meitner-Award for her work on optical neural networks, and in 1999 the Adolf Messer-Award for the development of a nonlinear optical motion detection microscope, respectively. In 2001, she became a professor at Muenster Univ., Germany. She is an author of more than 250 publications and numerous book contributions. She is a member of the academy of science and arts of North Rhine-Westphalia, and a fellow of the Optical Society of America and the European Optical Society. Cornelia Denz’ main research interests are on structured light, emphasizing applications in information technology, nonlinear optics, nano- and biophysics as well as in the life sciences.

11:15 AM - 12:00 PM: Distributed Quantum Information Processing

Kae Nemoto, National Institute of Informatics (Japan)

This talk explores distributed quantum information processing. In the recent years, the monolithic design of quantum computers has been investigated and huge efforts to realize such designs have been undertaken worldwide. By contrast, distributed quantum information processing relies on quantum signaling between quantum devices and systems. We begin by introducing the concept of distributed quantum information processing, detailing its advantages and disadvantages. We further discuss the feasibility of quantum devices and systems to perform distributed quantum information processing, including recent developments using NV centers in diamond.

Kae Nemoto is currently the director of the Global Research Center for Quantum Information Science at the National Institute of Informatics in Tokyo where her quantum focused research bridges the gap between physics and informatics. She is a Fellow of the APS and IoP (UK).
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