Modeling line-edge roughness in lamellar block copolymer systems
Block copolymers oer an appealing alternative to current lithographic techniques with regard to fabrication of the next generation micro-processors. However, if copolymers are to be useful on an industrial manufacturing scale, they must meet or exceed lithography specications for placement and line edge roughness (LER) of resist features. Here we discuss a eld theoretic approach to modeling the LER of lamellar microdomain interfaces in a strongly segregated block copolymer system; specically, we derive a formula for the LER as a functions of the Flory Huggins parameter and the index of polymerization N. Our model is based on the Leibler-Ohta-Kawasaki energy functional. We consider a system with a nite number of phase separated microdomains and also show how the LER depends on distance of the microdomain interface from the system boundary. Our results suggest that in order to meet target LER goals at the 15 nm, 11 nm, and 6 nm nodes, must be increased by a factor of at least 5 above currently attainable values.
This paper was published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8323