Double-sided micromachining process for silicon cantilever using a parallel capacitively coupled plasma
A double-sided micromachining process for silicon-based device fabrication is developed that allows the use of capacitively coupled reactive ion etching (RIE) equipment for high-aspect-ratio etching. The effects of the masking materials and RIE conditions are discussed. Based on the experimental results, a 1000-Å-thick Al film sufficiently protects the unexposed substrate while allowing the etching of a 350-µm-deep hole with an area of 3×3 mm2 when etching with SF6/CHF3/O2plasma. A 2000-µm-long and 100-µm-wide (with layers of Al/SiO2/Si and thickness of 0.1/2.2/40 µm, respectively) cantilever beam is achieved. A silicon etch rate up to 2.5 to 2.8 µm/min is obtained and an anisotropy of A=0.5 (A=1–V/H, where V is the horizontal undercut and H is the etch depth) is obtained. The technique is developed mainly for bulk micromachining of silicon or composite silicon cantilever structures.
This paper was published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4
Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS 4(01), 013010