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The SPIE Digital Library contains the world's largest collection of optics and photonics research and provides user-friendly tools for researchers to optimize their valuable time. Content covering the broadest range of applied optics and photonics science and engineering papers anywhere. Technologies span applications from imaging, sensors, biomedicine, manufacturing, and energy to nanotechnology, communications, entertainment, and electronics.
Engineers and scientists in academic, corporate, and government laboratories depend on the SPIE Digital Library for the critical knowledge they need to stay current and competitive. Over 40,000 SPIE papers are cited in more than 20,000 high-technology patents registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Thousands more appear in the international patent literature. The SPIE Digital Library is both a rich technical archive and a go-to resource for state-of-the-art research.