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Field Guide to Solid State Physics
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Book Description

This Field Guide provides an overview of the basic principles of solid state physics, focusing on the practical aspects and device applications. Topics include crystal structures and dynamics, band structures, quantum structures, semiconductors, superconductors, and magnetism. Essential equations and simple diagrams efficiently convey the concepts that form the core of this field.

Book Details

Date Published: 4 January 2019
Pages: 120
ISBN: 9781510622746
Volume: FG43

Table of Contents
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Glossary of Symbols and Notation

Crystal Structure
Primitive Cell
Bravais Lattice
Elements of Symmetry
Summary of Bravais Lattices
Wigner-Seitz Cell
Body- and Face-Centered Cubic Structures
Diamond Structure
Zincblende and Hexagonal Structures
Reciprocal Lattice Space
Miller Indices
Brillouin Zones
Bands and Molecular Bonds
Molecular Orbitals
Graphene Structure
von Laue Method
Bragg's Law
von Laue Conditions for X-Ray Diffraction

One-Electron Description
Free-Electron Approximation
Bloch Theorem and Bloch Function
Nearly-Free-Electron Model
Tight Binding
Fermi Surface
Fermi Surface in 2D: Harrison's Method
Fermi-Dirac Distribution
Density of States
Electronic Heat Capacity

Band Structure of Solids
Kronig-Penney Model
Effective Mass
Born-Oppenheimer Approximation
Hartree Approximation
Slater Determinant
Hartree-Fock Approximation
Density Functional Theory
Kohn-Sham Equations

Crystal Dynamics
Atomic Linear Chain Vibrations: Monatomic Case
Vibrations with Two Atoms per Unit Cell
Debye Model and Approximation
Anharmonic Effects and Thermal Expansion
Thermal Conduction Due to Phonons
Experimental Determination of Phonon Spectra

Carrier Transport
Drift-Diffusion Model
Boltzmann Equation
Collision Integral
Electrical Conductivity
Hall Effect

Physical Properties of Metals
Landau Levels
Cyclotron Resonance
Azbel-Kaner Cyclotron Resonance
Optical Properties of Metals
de Haas-van Alphen Effect

Bonding Model of Semiconductors
Intrinsic Semiconductors
Extrinsic Semiconductors
Band Structure of Semiconductors
Semiconductor Heterostructures
Bloch Oscillations
Optical Absorption in Semiconductors
Optical Properties of Semiconductors: Experiments

Quantum Structures
Quantum Wells
Quantum Wires
Quantum Dots
Quantum Hall Effects
Quantum Point Contacts
Coulomb Blockade
Single-Electron Transistor

Semiconductor Devices
p-n Junction
Schottky Junction
Tunnel Diode
Gunn Effect
Solar Cells
Light-Emitting Diodes
Semiconductor Lasers
Bipolar Junction Transistor

Zero Resistivity
Meissner Effect
Specific Heat
Isotope Effect
Two-Fluid Model and Order Parameter
London Equation
Ginzburg-Landau Theory
Cooper Pair (Electron-Phonon Interaction)
Cooper Problem
BCS Theory
Flux Quantization
Josephson Effect

Traditional Magnetism
Concept of Spin
Heisenberg Hamiltonian
Ground-State Parameters of Ions: Hund's Rules
Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism
Bloch Equation and Relaxation Times
Spin Waves
Magnetic Domains

Solid state physics is a branch of physics that deals primarily with the physical properties of periodic condensed matters, especially the electromagnetic, thermodynamic, and structural properties of various systems, such as semiconductors, quantum structures, and superconductors; these properties are the consequences of solids interacting with light and under external fields, etc.

The Field Guide to Solid State Physics provides a compact introduction of select topics within the field of condensed-matter physics. For students and engineers alike, the book facilitates an in-depth understanding of physical concepts, as well as their applications, to help them develop new ideas for innovative devices. The topics chosen were influenced by our own areas of interest: single-particle and many-body interactions in the form of quasi-particle and collective excitations. Whenever possible, simple line art illustrates the essential concepts.

Over the last few decades, we have witnessed the significant (and increasing) effect of solid state physics on everyday life. The field is essential for the development of state-of-the-art concepts because it provides effective guidance for designing circuits and new materials for electronic and spintronic devices (it contributed to both the transistor and the semiconductor chip). Over the last ten years, more than half of the Nobel Prizes in physics were awarded to topics relevant to solid state physics.

Special thanks to Scott McNeill (SPIE Press) for a very careful reading of the manuscript and introducing a significant number of improvements.

Marek S. Wartak
C. Y. Fong
December 2018

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