Two Europeans have won this year's Nobel physics prize for a nanotechnology discovery that has led to the miniaturisation of hard disks in laptop computers and music players.
Albert Fert of Université Paris-Sud in France and Peter Grünberg of Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany share the $1.54m prize for discovering the phenomenon known as giant magnetoresistance, or GMR. It makes it possible to read data that is densely packed on to the surface of a magnetic disk.
Fert gave a keynote presentation and coauthored another paper at the SPIE Photonics West symposium in January 2007. He also chaired the session "Spintronics II" in the conference on Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices.
Full story from Financial Times.