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Single-photon detection, generation, and applications featured in 'Optical Engineering'

Numerous, diverse applications in space exploration, quantum computing, more

24 September 2014

single photon technology application areas

Single-photon technology has numerous and diverse applications, as illustrated above [Figure 1, "Metrology of single-photon sources and detectors: a review," Christopher Chunnilall, et al. Opt. Eng. 53(8), 081910 (Jul 10, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.OE.53.8.081910].

 

BELLINGHAM, Washington, USA -- A new special section on single-photon detection, generation, and applications in Optical Engineering highlights research on technologies with applications in areas as diverse as space exploration and quantum computing, furthering the field by providing more accurate measurement methods and new analysis techniques. The peer-reviewed journal is published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, in print and in the SPIE Digital Library.

The section appears in the August issue, and includes nine articles and an editorial outlining the history and future of these technologies.

Each paper describes a new or improved single-photon detection strategy and its applications, including optical time transfer experiments, space missions, superconducting nanowire single-photon detection systems, quantum optics, quantum key distribution, high-volume silicon photomultiplier production, and physical quantum random number generation.

"Beyond the fundamental metrology of single-photon devices, the use of single photons can provide accuracy enhancements in numerous situations involving optical measurements," note special section guest editors Alex McIntosh (MIT Lincoln Lab) and Mark Itzler (Princeton Lightwave Inc.) in their editorial.

Among the benefits of new technologies and methods described in the special section are high detection efficiency, low dark-count rate, precise picosecond-scale timing resolution, and fast nanosecond-scale reset times which endow superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPD) devices with the highest performance single-photon detection demonstrated to date, the editors said.

Three articles are open access:

Other papers include:

  • "Scintillation index measurement using time-correlated single-photon counting laser radar" by Markus Henriksson and Lars Sjöqvist (FOI-Swedish Defence Research Agency)
  • "Signal-to-noise ratio of Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode single-photon counting detectors" by Kimberly Kolb (Rochester Institute of Technology)
  • "Linear mode photon counting with the noiseless gain HgCdTe e-avalanche photodiode" by Jeffrey Beck (DRS Technologies, Inc.), et al.
  • "Update on linear mode photon counting with the HgCdTe linear mode avalanche photodiode" Jeffrey Beck (DRS Technologies, Inc.), et al.
  • "Shortwave infrared negative feedback avalanche diodes and solid-state photomultipliers" by Xudong Jiang, et al. (Princeton Lightwave Inc.)
  • "High-volume silicon photomultiplier production, performance, and reliability" by Carl Jackson, et al. (SensL).

Articles are available by subscription or pay-per-view in the SPIE Digital Library.

Michael Eismann, Air Force Research Laboratory, is the journal's editor-in-chief.

The SPIE Digital Library contains over 400,000 items from SPIE journals, proceedings, and books, with approximately 18,000 new research papers added each year. Abstracts are freely searchable, and an increasing number of journal articles are published with open access.

SPIE is the international society for optics and photonics, a not-for-profit organization founded in 1955 to advance light-based technologies. The Society serves nearly 256,000 constituents from approximately 155 countries, offering conferences, continuing education, books, journals, and a digital library in support of interdisciplinary information exchange, professional networking, and patent precedent. SPIE provided more than $3.2 million in support of education and outreach programs in 2013.

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