Portland Marriott Downtown Waterfront Hotel
Portland, Oregon, United States
25 - 29 March 2017
Plenary Events
Sunday Plenary Session
Date: Sunday 26 March 2017
Time: 8:10 AM - 10:00 AM
Session Chairs: Jayanth N. Kudva, NextGen Aeronautics, Inc. (United States) and Theodoros E. Matikas, Univ. of Ioannina (Greece)

8:10 to 8:15:

Tribute to Eric Cross, presented by Zoubeida Ounaies, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

8:15 to 8:30 am:

  • 2017 NDE Lifetime Achievement Award presented to
  • Jianmin Qu, Tufts Univ. (USA)
  • 2017 SSM Lifetime Achievement Award presented to
  • Ralph Smith, North Carolina State Univ. (USA)

    Plenary Presentation 8:30 to 9:15 am:

    EAP Artificial Muscle Actuators for Bio-Inspired Intelligent Social Robotics

    David Hanson
    Hanson Robotics Ltd. (United States)

    Abstract: Bio-inspired intelligent robots are coming of age in both research and industry, propelling market growth for robots and A.I. However, conventional motors limit bio-inspired robotics. EAP actuators and sensors could improve the simplicity, compliance, physical scaling, and offer bio-inspired advantages in robotic locomotion, grasping and manipulation, and social expressions. For EAP actuators to realize their transformative potential, further innovations are needed: the actuators must be robust, fast, powerful, manufacturable, and affordable. This presentation surveys progress, opportunities, and challenges in the author’s latest work in social robots and EAP actuators, and proposes a roadmap for EAP actuators in bio-inspired intelligent robotics. View the video montage for Hanson Robotics Ltd. here.

    Biography: Dr. David Hanson has built a worldwide reputation for creating the world’s most humanlike, empathetic robots, endowed with remarkable expressiveness, aesthetics and interactivity. He has produced many renowned, one-of-a-kind robot characters that have received massive media and public acclaim. Dr. Hanson publishes regularly in materials science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and robotics journals, including SPIE, IEEE, the International Journal of Cognitive Science, IROS, AAAI and AI magazine. He has been featured in numerous popular media outlets including New York Times, Popular Science, Scientific American, the BBC and CNN. He has been labeled a "genius" by both PC Magazine and WIRED, and has earned awards from NASA, NSF, AAAI, Tech Titans’ Innovator of the Year, and Cooper Hewitt Design Triennial. At Walt Disney Imagineering, Dr. Hanson worked as both a sculptor and a technical consultant. He has spoken at venues including IEEE, SPIE, AAAI, DARPA, MIT, Dartmouth, Brown, Google, Sandia Labs, UCSD and AAAS annual meeting. Dr. Hanson received his BFA from Rhode Island School of Design in film/animation/video, and his Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Dallas in interactive arts and engineering.

    Plenary Presentation 9:15 to 10:00 am:

    Plant Nanobionic Materials for Thermally Active, Soft, Artificial Skins

    Chiara Daraio
    California Institute of Technology (United States)

    Abstract: Bionic materials are a class of materials that aims to preserve, enhance, and exploit properties of living systems for engineering purposes. In most cases, however, creating synthetic materials that reproduce or surpass the performance of natural materials has been elusive. We fabricate synthetic materials that combine carbon nanoparticles in a matrix of plant cells, to create new temperature sensors with record-breaking responsivity. We extract the active molecule, pectin, responsible for the temperature sensitivity in plants, to create ultra-sensitive, flexible membranes that can map temperature changes from a distance. These materials augment properties of synthetic skins for robotics and prosthesis, and can find applications in consumer electronics or NDE.

    Biography: Prof. Chiara Daraio received her undergraduate degree in Mechanical Engineering from the “Marche" Polytechnic University, Italy (2001). She received her M.S. (2003) and Ph.D. degrees (2006) in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of California, San Diego. She joined the Aeronautics and Applied Physics departments of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in fall of 2006 and was promoted full professor in 2010. From January 2013 to August 2016, she joined the department of Mechanical and Process Engineering at ETH Zürich, with a chair in Mechanics and Materials. She resumed her professorship at Caltech in August 2016. She received a Presidential Early Career Award (PECASE) from the White House in 2012, was elected as a Sloan Research Fellow in 2011 and received an ONR Young Investigator Award in 2010. She is also a winner of the NSF CAREER award (2009), of the Richard Von Mises Prize (2008) and received the Hetenyi Award from the Society for Experimental Mechanics (2015). She was selected by Popular Science magazine among the “Brilliant 10” (2010). She serves as an Associate Editor for the journal Extreme Mechanics Letters. She published over 100 peer-reviewed papers, two book chapters and several patents.
    Monday Plenary Session
    Date: Monday 27 March 2017
    Time: 8:20 AM - 10:00 AM
    Session Chairs: Jayanth N. Kudva, NextGen Aeronautics, Inc. (United States) and Theodoros E. Matikas, Univ. of Ioannina (Greece)

    8:20 to 8:30 am:

    SPIE Fellow Recognition presented to
    Hani E. Naguib, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)

    Plenary Presentation 8:30 to 9:15 am:

    Predictive Simulation of Structural Health Monitoring

    Victor Giurgiutiu
    University of South Carolina (United States)

    Abstract: Predictive simulation of the structural health monitoring (SHM) process has a crucial role in the efficient design of effective SHM systems. Predictive simulation is part of the forward problem which calculates the sensor signals that would be recorded for a given structural state and a given excitation. The inverse problem, which is more difficult, has to estimate the structural state from known excitation and known measured signals. This inverse problem is usually solved through an optimization process in which the forward problem is run repeatedly for many times. A fast and accurate forward problem that has adequate sensitivity to damage presence while being insensitive to confounding factors is highly desirable for an efficient solution of the inverse problem. Several examples derived from work performed in the laboratory for active materials and smart structures (LAMSS) of the University of South Carolina, USA will be presented and discussed. The presentation will end with conclusions and suggestions for future work.

    Biography: Victor Giurgiutiu is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of South Carolina and Director of the Laboratory for Active Materials and Smart Structures (LAMSS). He is the author of Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors (Elsevier Academic Press, 2nd Ed.) as well as other 6 books, 16 book chapters, and over 100 archival journal articles. He has recently completed his duty as chair of this SPIE Symposium on Smart Structures and NDE. He was recognized with Structural Health Monitoring Person of the Year Award 2003 and Nondestructive Evaluation Lifetime Achievement Award 2016. Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS), Fellow of ASME, and Associate Fellow of AIAA. Special Issues Editor to the Structural Health Monitoring – An International Journal (Sage, UK). Associate Editor to the Aeronautical Journal of RAeS.

    Plenary Presentation 9:15 to 10:00 am:

    Adaptive Structures: A Personal Historical Perspective

    James E. Hubbard
    University of Maryland, College Park (United States)

    Abstract: After more than 30 years of practice in the field Dr. Hubbard shares highlights of his personal journey in the field of Adaptive Structures. From its beginning with applications to Large Space Structures during the Star Wars era to the evolution of Morphing Aircraft, smart materials, sensors and actuators it continues to spark and feed the imagination of researchers and the public at large. The field has truly become multidisciplinary spanning the disciplines of materials, mechanics, controls and design and attracts young talent from around the world.

    Biography: Dr. James Hubbard began his career as a Marine Engineer in 1971 licensed to operate steam and diesel engines (unlimited horsepower) by the United States Coast Guard. In this role he served in Vietnam as a contractor to the US Military Sealift Command. He later received B.S, M.S. and PhD degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and served there as an Assistant Professor. His area of expertise is Adaptive Structures where he has been awarded 24 patents US and Worldwide, all in adaptive structure technology. He is a Fellow in the AIAA and ASME and a member of the National Academy of Engineers.
    Tuesday Plenary Session
    Date: Tuesday 28 March 2017
    Time: 8:10 AM - 10:00 AM
    Session Chair: Jayanth N. Kudva, NextGen Aeronautics, Inc. (United States)

    8:10 to 8:30 am:

  • SPIE Best Student Paper Awards
  • EAP-in-Action Demonstration Awards
  • Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication Best Student Paper Awards: In Memory of H. Don Wolpert

  • Plenary Presentation 8:30 to 9:15 am:

    NDE for the 21st Century: Industry 4.0 Requires NDE 4.0

    Norbert Meyendorf
    Iowa State University (United States)

    Abstract: Industry 4.0 stands for the fourth industrial revolution that is ongoing at present. Industry 4.0 is a terminology preferred used in Europe to characterize the integration of production and communication technologies, the so called “smart factory”. The first industrial revolution was the mechanization of work. The second was mass production and the assembly line. While the third revolution was the computer integrated manufacturing. Industry 4.0 encompasses the complete networking of all industrial areas. Lowering costs and efficient in-time production will be possible also for low numbers of very unique parts for example by additive manufacturing (3D printing). A significant aspect is also quality and maintainability of these sometimes unique structures and components. NDE has to follow these trends, not only by adapting NDE techniques to the new technologies, but also introducing the capability of cyber systems into the inspection and maintenance processes. The requirements and challenges for this new technological area will be discussed. Chances for applications of new technologies and systems for NDE will be demonstrated online.

    Biography: Dr. Norbert Meyendorf is professor in the Aerospace Engineering at the Iowa State University and deputy director of the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation in Ames, Iowa since January 2016. Before moving to Ames he was department head and branch director at the Fraunhofer institute for Nondestructive Testing in Germany for more than 20 years and Professor at the University of Dayton, Ohio and the University of Technology in Dresden, Germany for more than 10 years. He has edited several books, is author or coauthor of numerous journal articles and is editor in chief of the Journal of NDE published by Springer. He was chair of the SPIE symposium Smart Structures and NDE for 4 years and since 2001 every year chair of co-chair of a Conference within this symposium.

    Plenary Presentation 9:15 to 10:00 am:

    A Smart Structural Dynamics Strategy for Testing Tomorrow’s Structures

    David J. Ewins
    Imperial College London (United Kingdom)

    Abstract: All structures for which dynamic behaviour is a primary consideration require application of advanced methods of both theoretical and experimental structural dynamics. Specifically, advances in predictive methods of simulation (especially in the numerical analysis aspects) can demand matching advances in testing to provide commensurate accuracy and coverage of the validation of their output. Acquisition of an improved prediction capability is usually accompanied by an increase in expectations and demands for greater reliability in the predicted behaviour. As a direct result, progress in testing and simulation must advance in step and improvements in testing can often be achieved by smarter implementation of contemporary test procedures based on interpretation of the more advanced models used for their design. This lecture presents an integrated test-analysis strategy for ensuring that next-generation structures of all types exhibit much improved reliability in their structural performance.

    Biography: David Ewins studied at Imperial College London and at Cambridge University. He was based at Imperial throughout his career, as Professor of Vibration Engineering since 1983, working throughout his career in collaboration with Rolls-Royce. He also spent 8 years part-time at Bristol University and has been Visiting Professor in the USA, France, Switzerland and Singapore. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, the Royal Academy of Engineering and the Society of Experimental Mechanics. He received the 2015 ASME Jacob P Den Hartog Award for lifetime achievements in Vibration Engineering.
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