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Proceedings Paper

GPU-based parallel implementation of 5-layer thermal diffusion scheme
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Paper Abstract

The Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) is a system of numerical weather prediction and atmospheric simulation with dual purposes for forecasting and research. The WRF software infrastructure consists of several components such as dynamic solvers and physical simulation modules. WRF includes several Land-Surface Models (LSMs). The LSMs use atmospheric information, the radiative and precipitation forcing from the surface layer scheme, the radiation scheme, and the microphysics/convective scheme all together with the lands state variables and land-surface properties, to provide heat and moisture fluxes over land and sea-ice points. The WRF 5-layer thermal diffusion simulation is an LSM based on the MM5 5-layer soil temperature model with an energy budget that includes radiation, sensible, and latent heat flux. The WRF LSMs are very suitable for massively parallel computation as there are no interactions among horizontal grid points. More and more scientific applications have adopted graphics processing units (GPUs) to accelerate the computing performance. This study demonstrates our GPU massively parallel computation efforts on the WRF 5-layer thermal diffusion scheme. Since this scheme is only an intermediate module of the entire WRF model, the I/O transfer does not involve in the intermediate process. Without data transfer, this module can achieve a speedup of 36x with one GPU and 108x with four GPUs as compared to a single threaded CPU processor. With CPU/GPU hybrid strategy, this module can accomplish a even higher speedup, ~114x with one GPU and ~240x with four GPUs. Meanwhile, we are seeking other approaches to improve the speeds.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 November 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8539, High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing II, 853908 (8 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.978991
Show Author Affiliations
Melin Huang, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Jarno Mielikainen, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Bormin Huang, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
H.-L. Allen Huang, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Mitchell D. Goldberg, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8539:
High-Performance Computing in Remote Sensing II
Bormin Huang; Antonio J. Plaza, Editor(s)

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