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Proceedings Paper

Efficiency Of Millimeter-Wave Horn Imaging Arrays
Author(s): Gabriel M. Rebeiz; Yong Guo; Philip A. Stimson; David B. Rutledge
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Paper Abstract

Two-dimensional horn-antenna arrays are monolithic, high-efficiency imaging detectors of millimeter-wave radiation. In this configuration, a dipole antenna is suspended in a pyramidal horn on a 1-μm silicon oxynitride membrane. This approach leaves room on the wafer for low-frequency lines and processing electronics. Antenna pattern measurements on single elements agree well with theory, exhibiting 3-dB beamwidths of 54° and 62° for the E and H-planes respectively. Horn aperture efficiencies of 44 ± 4% have been measured at 93 GHz. Loss processes include impedance mismatch loss, due to impedance mismatch between the antenna and the detector, resistive loss in the horn sidewalls, cross-polarization, intrinsic pattern loss, and horn-to-horn coupling loss. A system efficiency of 24% has been measured for a lens-coupled array.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 1989
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 1039, 13th Intl Conf on Infrared and Millimeter Waves, (18 November 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.978315
Show Author Affiliations
Gabriel M. Rebeiz, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Yong Guo, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Philip A. Stimson, California Institute of Technology (United States)
David B. Rutledge, California Institute of Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1039:
13th Intl Conf on Infrared and Millimeter Waves
Richard J. Temkin, Editor(s)

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