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Proceedings Paper

Detecting damage to coastal forests caused by the Tohoku earthquake in Japan using time-series remote sensing images
Author(s): Eiji Kodani; Katsunori Nakamura; Tomoki Sakamoto; Koki Kimura
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Paper Abstract

The Tohoku earthquake of 2011 caused extensive damage to the coastal pine forest that protects inland areas from sea breezes. The tsunami uprooted, broke, and tilted the pine trees. In addition, subsequently, the leaves of coastal pine forest turned red and fell down after summer in 2011 in large areas. To detect damage to the coastal forest caused by the Tohoku earthquake, we analyzed time-series airborne orthophotos and high-resolution satellite image. After the earthquake, many coastal forests were washed away and there is no sign of coastal forest stands in the orthophotos. We compared orthophotos taken before and just after the earthquake by the Japan Geographical Survey Institute. We mapped the damaged forest in Aomori, Iwate, and Miyagi prefectures and classified the damage into three classes: extensive, moderate, and slight damage. We also obtained and high-resolution satellite image (DigitalGlobe, WorldView-2) observed after the summer in 2011. We surveyed the forest damage using field plots. We measured the damage of 50 - 60 trees in a circular plot. The tree damage was classified on a 0 to 10 point scale: a sound tree had 0 damage, while a tree with a completely damaged crown was scored 10. The most crown leaves of a tree scored 7-9 turned red and fell off. The average plots damage were calculated and a linear regression analysis was performed to compare the data for 21 field plots and satellite data. The coefficient of determination was large and we mapped the forest damage using satellite image.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2012
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8524, Land Surface Remote Sensing, 852411 (21 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.977268
Show Author Affiliations
Eiji Kodani, Tohoku Research Ctr. (Japan)
Katsunori Nakamura, Tohoku Research Ctr. (Japan)
Tomoki Sakamoto, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (Japan)
Koki Kimura, Aomori Prefectural Industrial Technology Research Ctr. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8524:
Land Surface Remote Sensing
Dara Entekhabi; Yoshiaki Honda; Haruo Sawada; Jiancheng Shi; Taikan Oki, Editor(s)

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