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Proceedings Paper

Reversible And Irreversible Image Data Compression Using The S-transform and Lempel-Ziv Coding
Author(s): Hartwig Blume; Aaron Fand
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Paper Abstract

Views are expressed on desirable characteristics of image data compression schemes for PACS, in particular, that such schemes should not only enable reversible and irreversible compression but also provide user-friendly features and compatibility with PACS requirements. Among the image conversion schemes for data compression, hierarchical picture decomposition meets most of the desirable features and requirements, such as ease of composing a pictorial index of a patient file, adaptation of transmission to the variable resolution requirements in PACS, quasi-instant transmission of low-resolution pictures for teleradiology, and ease of implementing spatial pyramid filters. One of the simplest image conversion schemes which fulfills these requirements is the S-transform. Among the coding methods, the Lempel-Ziv scheme offers features which could be advantageous for PACS applications, such as that the code is always optimal - even though it is derived from a single-pass operation, that it may have fixed length, and that the code table does not need to be transmitted. Results of reversible and irreversible data compression with the S-transform, Lempel-Ziv coding, and quantizer functions are presented for computed radiographs and magnetic resonance images. The results are assessed and compared with S-transform/Huffman coding as well as differential pulse code modulation with Huffman or Lempel-Ziv coding.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 1989
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 1091, Medical Imaging III: Image Capture and Display, (8 May 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.976433
Show Author Affiliations
Hartwig Blume, Philips Medical Systems North America Inc. (United States)
Aaron Fand, Philips Medical Systems North America Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1091:
Medical Imaging III: Image Capture and Display
Samuel J. Dwyer; R. Gilbert Jost; Roger H. Schneider, Editor(s)

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