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Proceedings Paper

Computer Simulation Of Radiographic Screen-Film Images
Author(s): Richard Van Metter; Peter L.P. Dillon; Kenneth E. Huff; Majid Rabbani
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Paper Abstract

A method is described for computer simulation of radiographic screen-film images. This method is based on a previously published model of the screen-film imaging process.l The x-ray transmittance of a test object is sampled at a pitch of 50 μm by scanning a high-resolution, low-noise direct-exposure radiograph. This transmittance is then used, along with the x-ray exposure incident upon the object, to determine the expected number of quanta per pixel incident upon the screen. The random nature of x-ray arrival and absorption, x-ray quantum to light photon conversion, and photon absorption by the film is simulated by appropriate random number generation. Standard FFT techniques are used for computing the effects of scattering. Finally, the computed film density for each pixel is produced on a high-resolution, low-noise output film by a scanning printer. The simulation allows independent specification of x-ray exposure, x-ray quantum absorption, light conversion statistics, light scattering, and film characteristics (sensitometry and gran-ularity). Each of these parameters is independently measured for radiographic systems of interest. The simulator is tested by comparing actual radiographic images with simulated images resulting from the independently measured parameters. Images are also shown illustrating the effects of changes in these parameters on image quality. Finally, comparison is made with a "perfect" imaging system where information content is only limited by the finite number of x-rays.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 1986
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 0626, Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine XIV and Picture Archiving and Communication Systems, (12 June 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.975380
Show Author Affiliations
Richard Van Metter, Eastman Kodak Company (United States)
Peter L.P. Dillon, Eastman Kodak Company (United States)
Kenneth E. Huff, Eastman Kodak Company (United States)
Majid Rabbani, Eastman Kodak Company (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0626:
Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine XIV and Picture Archiving and Communication Systems
Samuel J. Dwyer III; Roger H. Schneider, Editor(s)

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