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Proceedings Paper

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors for picosecond time resolved spectroscopic applications
Author(s): Torsten May; Julia Toussaint; Roman Grüner; Marco Schubert; Hans-Georg Meyer; Benjamin Dietzek; Jürgen Popp; Matthias Hofherr; Konstantin Il'in; Dagmar Henrich; Matthias Arndt; Michael Siegel
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Paper Abstract

Raman scattering spectroscopy allows the direct and fast study of molecules by analysis of their vibrational normal modes. However, for certain materials the scattered signal is superimposed by fluorescence, which - if present - overwhelms the intrinsically weak Raman signal by orders of magnitude. An approved method to resolve the instantaneous Raman signal of interest from the delayed fluorescence background is time-correlated single-photon counting (TCSPC). For that, a single-photon detector with fast dynamics is required. The, so-called, superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) is a promising candidate for TCSPC. We have developed an optical instrument using such a SNSPD for the TCSPC method. The detector is made from a 5 nm thick NbN film, patterned by electron-beam lithography in a meander line with a width of 100 nm and a filling-factor of 50 %, covering an active area of 4 × 4 μm2. As a proof of concept we have shown that it is possible to resolve low power optical signals (λ between 520 and 630 nm) with a timing jitter of about 35 ps. Based on our experimental results we will discuss perspectives and limits of SNSPD application for spectroscopy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2012
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8427, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care III, 84274B (8 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.970543
Show Author Affiliations
Torsten May, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Julia Toussaint, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Roman Grüner, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Marco Schubert, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Hans-Georg Meyer, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Benjamin Dietzek, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Jürgen Popp, Institut für Photonische Technologien e.V. (Germany)
Matthias Hofherr, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)
Konstantin Il'in, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)
Dagmar Henrich, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)
Matthias Arndt, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)
Michael Siegel, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8427:
Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care III
Jürgen Popp; Wolfgang Drexler; Valery V. Tuchin; Dennis L. Matthews, Editor(s)

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