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Proceedings Paper

A Bayesian Foundation for Active Stereo Visions
Author(s): Larry Matthies; Masatoshi Okutomi
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Paper Abstract

Sensing three-dimensional shape is a central problem in the development of robot systems for autonomous navigation and manipulation. Stereo vision is an attractive approach to this problem in several applications; however, stereo algorithms still lack reliability and generality. We address these problems by modelling the stereo depth map as a discrete random field, by formulating the matching problem in terms of Bayesian estimation, and by using this framework to develop a "bootstrap" procedure that employs fine camera motion to initialize stereo fusion. First, one camera is translated parallel to the stereo baseline to acquire a narrow-baseline image pair; then, the depth map obtained from the narrow-baseline image pair is used to constrain matching in a "wide-baseline" image pair consisting of one image from each camera. The result of our procedure is an estimate of depth and depth uncertainty at each pixel in the image. This approach produces accurate depth maps reliably and efficiently, applies to indoor and outdoor domains, and extends naturally to multi-sensor systems. We demonstrate the potential of this approach by showing results c lined with scale models of difficult, outdoor scenes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1990
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 1198, Sensor Fusion II: Human and Machine Strategies, (1 March 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.969965
Show Author Affiliations
Larry Matthies, Carnegie Mellon University (United States)
Masatoshi Okutomi, Carnegie Mellon University (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1198:
Sensor Fusion II: Human and Machine Strategies
Paul S. Schenker, Editor(s)

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