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Proceedings Paper

FT-IR Study And Intensity Calculation On The Hydration Of Acetonitrile
Author(s): Liu Wentian; Weng Shifu; Wang Xiuzhen; Li Jian; Li Lemin; Wu Jinguang; Xu Guangxian
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Paper Abstract

During recent years, the FT-IR study on hydration of molecules attracted considerable interests. The peak positions and intensities of IR bands of some molecules change apparently after hydration. The theoretical explanation to these changes, especially to the intensity variation, is rather few. In this investigation, the effect of hydration on the IR intensity of acetonitrile has been systematically studied. Three parts are included: 1. Experiments: CH3CN-CC14-H20 systems were prepared from acetonitrile, tetrachloromethane and water. The volume percents of acetonitrile kept 80% in all solutions and the volumes of water in these solutions were 0.0, 3.0, 6.0, 9.0, 12.0 and 15.0% respectively. The infrared spectra of these solutions were measured quantitatively by Nicolet 7199B FT-IR spectrometer. It was found that the intensity of C-N stretching band(2200 cm-1) became stronger when water was added and the more the water was added, the larger the intensity increase was. This is caused by the formation of hydrogen bond between CH3CN and H20. 2. Normal coordinate analysis: The normal analysis of CH3CN was carried out. It was found that the IR spectrum of liquid acetonitrile could not be explained by the model of C3v symmetry of acetonitrile molecule. This effect on the IR bands is now under investigation. 3. The infrared intensity calculation: The atomic polar tensors (APT s) of CH3CN and CH3CN--H20 were calculated. The APIs of CH3CN were quite different from those of CH3CN--H20. The infrared intensities of C-N stretching bands in CH3CN and CH3CN--H20 were calculated respectively. The increase of IR intensity of C--N stretching band when water was added has been explained to some extent.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1989
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 1145, 7th Intl Conf on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, (1 December 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.969488
Show Author Affiliations
Liu Wentian, Peking University (China)
Weng Shifu, Peking University (China)
Wang Xiuzhen, Peking University (China)
Li Jian, Peking University (China)
Li Lemin, Peking University (China)
Wu Jinguang, Peking University (China)
Xu Guangxian, Peking University (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1145:
7th Intl Conf on Fourier Transform Spectroscopy

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