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Proceedings Paper

Universal ICT Picosecond Camera
Author(s): B. V. Lebedev; V. N. Syrtchev; A. M. Tolmachyov; G. G. Fel'dman; N. V. Chernyshov
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Paper Abstract

The paper reports on the design of an ICI camera operating in the mode of linear or three-frame image scan. The camera incorporates two tubes: time-analyzing ICI PIM-107 1 with cathode S-11, and brightness amplifier PMU-2V (gain about 104) for the image shaped by the first tube. The camera is designed on the basis of streak camera AGAT-SF3 2 with almost the same power sources, but substantially modified pulse electronics. Schematically, the design of tube PIM-107 is depicted in the figure. The tube consists of cermet housing 1, photocathode 2 made in a separate vacuum volume and introduced into the housing by means of a manipulator. In a direct vicinity of the photocathode, accelerating electrode is located made of a fine-structure grid. An electrostatic lens formed by focusing electrode 4 and anode diaphragm 5 produces a beam of electrons with a "remote crossover". The authors have suggested this term for an electron beam whose crossover is 40 to 60 mm away from the anode diaphragm plane which guarantees high sensitivity of scan plates 6 with respect to multiaperture framing diaphragm 7. Beyond every diaphragm aperture, a pair of deflecting plates 8 is found shielded from compensation plates 10 by diaphragm 9. The electronic image produced by the photocathode is focused on luminescent screen 11. The tube is controlled with the help of two saw-tooth voltages applied in antiphase across plates 6 and 10. Plates 6 serve for sweeping the electron beam over the surface of diaphragm 7. The beam is either allowed toward the screen, or delayed by the diaphragm walls. In such a manner, three frames are obtained, the number corresponding to that of the diaphragm apertures. Plates 10 serve for stopping the compensation of the image streak sweep on the screen. To avoid overlapping of frames, plates 8 receive static potentials responsible for shifting frames on the screen. Changing the potentials applied to plates 8, one can control the spacing between frames and partially or fully overlap the frames. This sort of control is independent of the frequency of frame running and of their duration, and can only determine frame positioning on the screen. Since diaphragm 7 is located in the area of crossover and electron trajectories cross in the crossover, the frame is not decomposed into separate elements during its formation. The image is transferred onto the screen practically within the entire time of frame duration increasing the aperture ratio of the tube as compared to that in Ref. 3.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 June 1989
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 1032, 18th Intl Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics, (7 June 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.969082
Show Author Affiliations
B. V. Lebedev, All-Union Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (USSR)
V. N. Syrtchev, All-Union Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (USSR)
A. M. Tolmachyov, All-Union Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (USSR)
G. G. Fel'dman, All-Union Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (USSR)
N. V. Chernyshov, All-Union Research Institute for Optical and Physical Measurements (USSR)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1032:
18th Intl Congress on High Speed Photography and Photonics
DaHeng Wang, Editor(s)

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