Proceedings PaperPolarization Holography: Possibilities And The Future.
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The holographic method was created by D.Gabor in 1948.1 Gabor proposed to divide the process of image formation in two stages. At the first stage the complex amplitude of the field scattered by an object is imaged on a material carrier - on a hologram. At the second stage the material carrier organized in a such way is used for reconstruction of the repeated formation of the original object field. For imaging characteristics of the object field on the material carrier Kabor proposed to use a two-dimensional photographic recording of interference pattern with a reference wave which reconstructs the object field when it illuminates the received recording.