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Proceedings Paper

Integrated Optical Waveguides And Devices Fabricated By Proton Exchange: A Review
Author(s): Ka-Kha Wong
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Paper Abstract

The use of the proton-exchange method (PEM) for optical waveguide formation in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 is reviewed. Problems associated with waveguides fabricated by concentrated benzoic acid melts are outlined. The use of diluted benzoic acid melts and annealing to reduce or eliminate the problems is discussed. Finally passive and active waveguide devices formed by the PEM are described.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 December 1988
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 0993, Integrated Optical Circuit Engineering VI, (6 December 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.960065
Show Author Affiliations
Ka-Kha Wong, Allied-Signal Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0993:
Integrated Optical Circuit Engineering VI
Mark A. Mentzer, Editor(s)

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