Proceedings PaperFunding Science And Technology Research; A Congressional Perspective
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The growth in Federal funding of research and development that began during World War II has leveled off during the last decade, but the nation's need for continued expansion of effort in such areas as general technology development and industrial innovation has continued to grow. Foreign industries are increasingly able to compete in high technology areas previously dominated by domestic firms. As now constituted, research and support agencies such as the National Bureau of Standards are not able to respond to a call for new programs of greatly increased size and scope. For these reasons and others, a proposal is now before Congress to form a National Technology Foundation to include and expand the support missions of the National Bureau of Standards, the Patent and Trademark Office, the National Technical Information Service, and parts of the Engineering and Applied Science programs from the National Science Foundation. This proposal should be examined relative to the short term need for increasing the rate of industrial innovation and relative to a long term goal of integration of basic and applied interests in technology development.