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Proceedings Paper

Biological Effects Of Full-Spectrum Lighting
Author(s): Elwood D. Bickford
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Paper Abstract

Humans and other living organisms have evolved various known and unknown photoreceptors and responses under full-spectrum optical radiation of sun and sky at the earth's surface. The trend to indoor living over the past 100 years has produced a self-exile from this radiation environment resulting in the disease conditions of rickets and erythema. Concerns for these diseases have pointed attention to the delicate balance between the beneficial and detrimental effects of full-spectrum optical radiation and has confounded the concepts of illumination and radiation safety criteria. Further knowledge has to be obtained to better evaluate the known and unknown effects of full-spectrum optical radiation in a modern society.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 October 1980
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 0229, Ocular Effects of Non-Ionizing Radiation, (7 October 1980); doi: 10.1117/12.958780
Show Author Affiliations
Elwood D. Bickford, Duro-Test Corporation (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0229:
Ocular Effects of Non-Ionizing Radiation
David H. Sliney; Myron Lee Wolbarsht, Editor(s)

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