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Proceedings Paper

Optical Heterodyning And Doppler Effect Applied To Laser Vibrometers And Anemometers
Author(s): Jean-Loup Lesne
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Paper Abstract

Elastic diffusion of light on moving objects is affected by Doppler effect ; coherent detection of this effect gives the opportunity to reach high resolutions (1010 to 1011). This light beating spectroscopy provi-des a frequency modulated signal proportional to the velocity of the diffusing object. The main characteristics of this optical heterodyne detection are : . a coherent mixing of two colinear waves of different intensities and frequencies, . a detected waves etendue limited by the coherence Otendue, . no sensitivity to thermal noise. Laser noise (mode beating and plasma noise) which usually limits coherent detection sensitivity is removed with a balanced heterodyne detection which improves greatly the signal to noise ratio. Common mode noise is removed in the same time the signal is multiplied by a factor two. Application of these methods to different optical measurements is presented. The first one, an infrared 8 watts CO2 laser anemometer is able to perform remote measurements of atmospheric wind up to 500 meters. The second one, a vibrometer using a 1 mW red laser is able to perform vibration measurements on a poor diffu-ser at distances of several meters with a resolution of half a wavelenght. Main advantages and limitations of these methods are discussed. Industrial applications are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 May 1980
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 0210, 2nd European Congress on Optics Applied to Metrology, (20 May 1980); doi: 10.1117/12.958313
Show Author Affiliations
Jean-Loup Lesne, Electricite De France (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0210:
2nd European Congress on Optics Applied to Metrology
Michel H. Grosmann; Patrick Meyrueis, Editor(s)

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