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Proceedings Paper

The Pathomechanics Of Calcaneal Gait
Author(s): David H. Sutherland; Les Cooper
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Paper Abstract

The data acquisition system employed in our laboratory includes optical, electronic and computer subsystems. Three movie camera freeze the motion for analysis. The film is displayed on a motion analyzer, and the body segment positions are recorded in a three dimensional coordinate system with Graf/pen sonic digitizer. The angular rotations are calculated by computer and automatically plotted. The force plate provides measurements of vertical force, foreaft shear, medial-lateral shear, torque, and center of pressure. Electromyograms are superimposed upon gait movies to permit measurement of muscle phasic activity. The Hycam movie camera si-multaneously films (through separate lens) the subject and oscilloscope. Movement measurements, electromyograms, and floor reaction forces provide the data base for analysis. From a study of the gait changes in five normal subjects following tibial nerve block, and from additional studies of patients with paralysis of the ankle plantar flexors, the pathomechanics of calcaneal gait can be described. Inability to transfer weight to the forward part of the foot produces ankle instability and reduction of contralateral step length. Excessive drop of the center of mass necessitates com-pensatory increased lift energy output through the sound limb to restore the height of the center of mass. Excessive stance phase ankle dorsiflexion produces knee instability requiring prolonged quadriceps muscle phasic activity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 July 1980
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 0166, NATO Symposium on Applications of Human Biostereometrics, (29 July 1980); doi: 10.1117/12.956937
Show Author Affiliations
David H. Sutherland, University of California (United States)
Les Cooper, Children's Hospital and Health Center (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0166:
NATO Symposium on Applications of Human Biostereometrics
A. M. Coblentz; Robin E. Herron, Editor(s)

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