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Proceedings Paper

Posture And Dorsal Shape At A Sitted Workstation
Author(s): F. X. Lepoutre; P. Cloup; T. M. Guerra
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Paper Abstract

The ergonomic analysis of a control or a supervision workstation for a vehicle or a process, necessitates to take into account the biomecanical visuo-postural system. The measurements, which are necessary to do, must give informations about the spatial direction of the limbs, the dorsal shape, eventually the eyes direction, and the postural evolution during the working time. More, the smallness of the work station, the backrest and sometime a vibratory environment made use specific, strong and small devices wich do not disturb the operator. The measurement system which we propose is made of an optical device. This system is studied in relation with the french "Institute de Recherche pour les Transports" for an ergonomic analysis of a truck cabin. The optical device consists on placing on the body of the driver on particular places materializing specially members and trunck joint points, some drops which reflect the infra-red raies coming from a specific light. Several cameras whose relative positions depend on the experiment site, transmit video signals to the associated treatment systems which extract the coordinates (Xi, Yi) of each drop in the observation scope of any camera. By regrouping the informations obtained from every view, it is possible to obtain the spatial drop position and then to restore the individual's posture in three dimensions. Therefore, this device doesn't enable us, in consideration of the backrest, to analyse the dorsal posture, which is important with regard to dorsal pains frequency. For that reason, we complete the measurements by using a "curvometer". This device consists of a flexible stick fixed upon the individual back with elastic belts, whose distorsions (curvature in m-1) are measured, in the individual's sagittal plane, with 4 strain gauges pairs; located approximately at the level of vertebra D1, D6, D10 and L3. A fifth measurement, concerning the inclination (in degree) of the lower part of the stick, makes it is possible to represent at any time the dorsal shape in the space. Some examples of real postures, measured by these complementary electromecanic and video devices, will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 July 1986
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 0602, Biostereometrics '85, (7 July 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.956308
Show Author Affiliations
F. X. Lepoutre, Universite de Valenciennes et du Hainaut Cambresis (France)
P. Cloup, Universite de Valenciennes et du Hainaut Cambresis (France)
T. M. Guerra, Universite de Valenciennes et du Hainaut Cambresis (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0602:
Biostereometrics '85
A. M. Coblentz; Robin E. Herron, Editor(s)

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