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Proceedings Paper

Optical Character Reader Techniques For Degraded Text
Author(s): R. A. Gonsalves; P. S. Considine; A. A. Shea
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Paper Abstract

Commercially available OCR systems operate on high SNR text, use highly non-linear, serial processing techniques to discriminate between symbols, and achieve vanishingly small error rates. With degraded text, however, these discrimination techniques are no longer effective and an optimal OCR system must use classical signal detection techniques, namely, cross correlation of the text with stored symbols. Such a system using an optical correlator was first demonstrated in 1964 but has never been developed commercially, partially because no techniqe existed for the rapid generation and erasure of optical filters and because cross correlation yielded insufficient discrimination between symbols. The advent of real-time optical modulators such as the PROM may remove the first objection and we show in this paper that careful processing of the correlation data can remove the second. We review the theory (optimal detection with letter decoding based on language statistics) and present some examples.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 December 1977
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 0118, Optical Signal and Image Processing, (8 December 1977); doi: 10.1117/12.955673
Show Author Affiliations
R. A. Gonsalves, EIKONIX Corporation (United States)
P. S. Considine, EIKONIX Corporation (United States)
A. A. Shea, EIKONIX Corporation (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0118:
Optical Signal and Image Processing
David P. Casasent, Editor(s)

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