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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation Of Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry For The Analysis Of Gunshot Residue
Author(s): T. C. Rains; I. L. Barnes
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Paper Abstract

Forensic scientists have been, for several years, seeking a rapid, sensitive and relatively inexpensive analytical method for the quantitative determination of trace elements in gunshot residues. The "Paraffin Test" was introduced in 1935 and used for many years to identify deposits of nitrate and nitrites associated with gunshot residues. However, in recent years, the reliability of this technique has been questioned. Neutron activation has been applied to the determination of barium and antimony in gunshot residues. This technique has adequate sensitivity but has not gained widespread acceptance because of the expense and time required to complete the analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 September 1977
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 0108, Optics in Security and Law Enforcement I, (20 September 1977); doi: 10.1117/12.955477
Show Author Affiliations
T. C. Rains, National Bureau of Standards (United States)
I. L. Barnes, National Bureau of Standards (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0108:
Optics in Security and Law Enforcement I
Charles Freeman; Sol Nudelman; Joseph C. Richmond, Editor(s)

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