Proceedings PaperProgress In Underwater Photographic And Television Imaging And Lighting Optics
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The original research program at sea and underwater was done and published by marine biologist Louis Boutan at the Banyuis Laboratory between 1893 and 1900. His fascinating book on the subject reveals that Louis Boutan had found out about the most important problems of underwater photography: The water-air refraction effects, the necessity to protect the photographic chamber in a dry air environment, the necessity to use powerful lighting underwater, the necessity to protect the camera lens from unwanted light noise scattering.