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Proceedings Paper

Spectral Plasma Diagnostics In Welding With CO[sub]2[/sub] Lasers
Author(s): Waldemar Sokolowski; Gerd Herziger; Eckhard Beyer
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Paper Abstract

The spectral emission of the laser induced plasma is investigated during the welding process of steel. In this study emission spectroscopy in the visible spectral range was used. A method is presented for determining the electron temperature, the electron density as well as the density of the neutral atoms in the welding plasma. In these metallic studies the relative line intensity technique was used, in which the radiation from a pair of spectral lines is compared as a function of electron temperature. The technique eliminates the need for a calibration source and can be used easily in the plasma monitoring applications. Some examples of the estimations of the plasma temperature, the electron and the neutral atom density are demonstrated. Time and space resolved measurements of the keyhole emission are presented. The application of the spectral diagnostic during the keyhole formation at the beginning of the metal sheet as well as at the end of the welding process at the end of the sheet is shown. The results help to explain the plasma absorption inside the keyhole. Some aspects of the spectral diagnostic as a basic method for a welding control are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 March 1989
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1020, High Power CO2 Laser Systems and Applications, (24 March 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.950053
Show Author Affiliations
Waldemar Sokolowski, Lehrstuhl fUr Lasertechnik (Germany)
Gerd Herziger, Lehrstuhl fur Lasertechnik (Germany)
Fraunhofer-Institut fur Lasertechnik (Germany)
Eckhard Beyer, Fraunhofer-Institut fur Lasertechnik (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1020:
High Power CO2 Laser Systems and Applications
A. Quenzer, Editor(s)

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