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Proceedings Paper

Applications Of Diamond In Optics
Author(s): M. Seal; W. J. P. van Enckevort
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Paper Abstract

This paper reviews existing and new applications of single crystal diamond, both natural and synthetic, in optical science. The traditional application is as transmissive components, making use of the very wide spectral transmission range, high thermal conductivity, and chemical inertness of diamond. Diamond windows for corrosive environments are well known; diamond surgical endoscope components are under development; and the use of sharpened diamonds as combined surgical cutting instruments and light pipes for internal illumination of the edge is commercial reality. The superb ability of diamond to conduct heat, combined with its very low thermal expansion coefficient makes it suitable for the transmission of high power laser energy, though there is a problem currently being addressed of a high surface reflection coefficient. It is very probable that CVD diamond-like films will form good anti-reflection coatings for diamond. In new applications, the technology of making diamond lenses is being developed. The use of diamond as a detector of ionising radiation is well known, but recent work shows its possibilities in thermoluminescent as well as conduction and pulse counting modes. There are further possibilities of using diamond for the detection and measurement of optical radiation. Examples are low, medium, and high intensity far ultraviolet (< 225 nm) and very high intensity near ultraviolet and visible light from excimer, dye, or argon lasers. Diamond is very radiation resistant! Sensitivities, response times and impurity trap levels have been measured and appropriate diamonds can be synthesised. The use of diamond as fast opto-electronic switches has been reported in the literature and the mechanical and thermal design of diamond "heat sink" substrates for semiconductor laser diodes is advancing rapidly.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 January 1989
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 0969, Diamond Optics, (17 January 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.948161
Show Author Affiliations
M. Seal, Drukker International B.V. (The Netherlands)
W. J. P. van Enckevort, Drukker International B.V. (The Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0969:
Diamond Optics
Albert Feldman; Sandor Holly, Editor(s)

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