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Proceedings Paper

Miniature Optics In The Hospital Operating Room
Author(s): Dennis C. Leiner
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Paper Abstract

The optical design and construction of flexible, gradient-index, and conventional endoscopes are described in this paper. Lens and prism components used in medical endoscopic instrumentation are discussed. Emphasis is given to the practical considerations of manufacturing these systems that are unique to their small size and use in a hospital environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 April 1988
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 0935, Gradient-Index Optics and Miniature Optics, (8 April 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.946908
Show Author Affiliations
Dennis C. Leiner, Leiner Associates (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0935:
Gradient-Index Optics and Miniature Optics
Dennis C. Leiner; James D. Rees, Editor(s)

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