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Proceedings Paper

Measurement Of Atomic Oscillator Strengths Using Pulsed Single-Frequency Dye Lasers
Author(s): C Haynam; B Comaskey; M Johnson; J Paisner; E Worden
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Paper Abstract

We have used two methods to measure the oscillator strength of the transition between the ground and 17992 cm-1 level in 174Yb. The first technique involves exciting the transition with a laser pulse that is nearly time-bandwidth limited, of uniform intensity, and has a reproducible shape from shot to shot. The population left in the excited state after the pulse varies sinusoidally with a period that depends on the integral over time of the electric field amplitude and the transition oscillator strength. These are the Rabi oscillations that are predicted by application of the Schrodinger equation to the two-level atom. The excited-state population is probed using a two-step photoionization to the continuum. The electric field amplitude is determined from the temporal profile and the intensity of the laser pulse. The second method involves observation of the polarization rotation of a set of degenerate sublevels brought about by a time-bandwidth limited light-shift laser. One sublevel (mj = 0) of the J = 1 level at 17992 cm-1 is populated by a linearly polarized laser. A second copropagating light-shift laser, which is linearly polarized at an angle to the first laser, is tuned between 7.5 and 30 GHz off-resonance with the transition. The light-shift laser causes population to be promoted into the mi = ±1 levels by a virtual transition through the ground J = 0, = 0 level. Two linearly polarized photoionizing lasers photoionize the population only from the mi = ±1 levels. The photoion signal oscillates sinusoidally with a period that depends only on the integrated pulse intensity, the laser detuning, and the transition oscillator strength.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 1988
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 0912, Pulse Single-Frequency Lasers: Technology and Applications, (22 June 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.945525
Show Author Affiliations
C Haynam, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)
B Comaskey, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)
M Johnson, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)
J Paisner, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)
E Worden, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0912:
Pulse Single-Frequency Lasers: Technology and Applications
William K. Bischel; Larry A. Rahn, Editor(s)

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