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Proceedings Paper

National Bureau Of Standards Data Base Of Photon Absorption Cross Sections From 10 eV To 100 deV
Author(s): E B Saloman; J H Hubbell; M J Berger
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Paper Abstract

The National Bureau of Standards (NBS) has maintained a data base of experimental and theoretical photon absorption cross sections (attenuation coefficients) since 1950. Currently the measured data include more than 20,000 data points abstracted from more than 500 independen.t literature sources including both published and unpublished reports and private communications. We have recently completed a systematic comparison over the energy range 0.1-100 keV of the measured cross sections in the NBS data base with cross sections obtained using the photoionization cross sections calculated by Scofield and the semi-empirical set of recommended photoionization cross section values of Henke et al. Cross sections for coherent and incoherent scattering were added to that of photoionization to obtain a value which could be compared to the experimental results. At energies above 1 keV, agreement between theory and experiment is rather good except for some special situations which prevent the accurate description of the measured samples as free atoms. These include molecular effects near absorption edges and solid state and crystal effects (such as for silicon). Below 1 keV the comparison indicates the range of atomic numbers and energies where the theory becomes inapplicable. The results obtained using Henke et al. agree well with the measured data when such data exist, but there are many elements for which data are not available over a wide range of energies. Comparisons with other theoretical data are in progress. This study also enabled us to show that a suggested renormalization procedure to the Scofield calculation (from dartree-Slater to Hartree-Fock) worsened the agreement between the theory and experiment. We have recently developed a PC-based computer program to generate theoretical cross section values based on Scofield's calculation. We have also completed a related program to enable a user to extract selected data from the measured data base.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 1988
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 0911, X-Ray and Vacuum Ultraviolet Interaction Data Bases, Calculations, and Measurements, (11 July 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.945482
Show Author Affiliations
E B Saloman, National Bureau of Standards (United States)
J H Hubbell, National Bureau of Standards (United States)
M J Berger, National Bureau of Standards (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0911:
X-Ray and Vacuum Ultraviolet Interaction Data Bases, Calculations, and Measurements
Nancy DelGrande; James A. R. Samson; David Y. Smith, Editor(s)

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