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Proceedings Paper

Range Image Segmentation Via Distance Slicing
Author(s): Jia-Guu Leu; Ishwar K. Sethi
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we present a method to segment a range image into regions which correspond to different object surfaces in the scene. We first obtain an equidistance contour map of the range image from slicing the range image at fixed increment distance values. Pixels along a contour are all at about the same distance from the sensor. We have observed that whenever a contour crosses an object surface edge, we would see direction discontinuity, curvature discontinuity, curvature zero-crossing, or termination of the contour. We call these places the critical points of the contour. We divide a contour into segments at its critical points. Next, we find the two corresponding contour segments on two consecutive slices. Every pair of corresponding contour segments defines a small region in the range image. Thus through registering contour segments in consecutive slices we have partitioned a range image into many small regions. Each region corresponds to a portion of an object surface. The last step is to merge these small regions into larger areas based on whether or not the corresponding scene surface segments of two adjacent regions have similar orientations in the 3-D space. The range image segmentation process is completed when the merging process is done. This approach is fast because it analyzes only the pixels along the equidistance contours and the entire process can be completed in just one pass.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 1988
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 0848, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision VI, (19 February 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.942764
Show Author Affiliations
Jia-Guu Leu, Wayne State University (United States)
Ishwar K. Sethi, Wayne State University (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0848:
Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision VI
David P. Casasent; Ernest L. Hall, Editor(s)

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