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Proceedings Paper

Highly Purified Pheophorbide [i]A[/i] As A Photosensitizer In Human Bladder Carcinoma In Vitro
Author(s): Alvin B. Segelman; I. Kathleen Hagen; Simon A. Chernomorsky; Shu-Ying Lee; Inder K. Gadi; Kevin Weadock; George H. Sigel
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Paper Abstract

A method was developed for preparing highly purified pheophorbide a using the blue-green alga Anacystis nidulans as a source of chlorophyll a which was subsequently converted to the desired compound using a cation-exchange resin (Dowex 50Wx4, H+ -form) as a proton source. Pheophorbide a was found to be 20 times more photocytotoxic than was hematoporphyrin (under red light >560 nm) against EJ cells (a cell line established from a human transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder) in vitro. Pheophorbide a accumulated rapidly in EJ and IMR-90 (a non-neoplastic cell line established from human fibroblasts) cells, reaching the maximum by 30 minutes. However, the number of EJ cells fluorescing at 5, 15 and 30 minutes was 1.7, 1.5 and 1.2 times greater than IMR-90 cells respectively. Moreover, only 17 percent of IMR-90 versus 75 percent of EJ cells fluoresced at 48 hours following 4-hour pheophorbide a exposure. These results indicate that pheophorbide a is highly photocytotoxic for EJ cells in vitro and undergoes differential uptake and retention in neoplastic as compared with non-neoplastic cells.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 1988
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 0847, New Directions in Photodynamic Therapy, (19 February 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.942713
Show Author Affiliations
Alvin B. Segelman, Rutgers, The State University (United States)
I. Kathleen Hagen, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital (United States)
Simon A. Chernomorsky, Biopharm (United States)
Shu-Ying Lee, Rutgers, The State University (United States)
Inder K. Gadi, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital (United States)
Kevin Weadock, Rutgers, The State University (United States)
George H. Sigel, Rutgers, The State University (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0847:
New Directions in Photodynamic Therapy
Douglas C. Neckers, Editor(s)

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